Agricultural operations by necessity have many hazards with
the potential to seriously injury or kill. The main purpose
of the Farm Safety Association is to reduce the number of
injuries and fatalities by educating those persons engaged
in agricultural-related work through various training methods.
We feel that safety hazards are something children need more
knowledge of based on frightening fatality statistics.
Child Safety Day Camps provide one such method, where farm
family members can participate in learning more about the
hazards to health and safety in rural areas.
The purpose of this activity guide is to assist you in planning
and conducting a Child Safety Day Camp.
Recommended Target Age Group: Children 7 to 11 years of age.
The following are covered in detail:
- Planning a Day Camp
- Planning the Program
- Promoting the Day Camp
- Follow-up Activities
- Order Forms
PLANNING THE DAY CAMP
AUDIO VISUAL EQUIPMENT
SLIDES AND FILMS
Planning and conducting a Child Safety Day Camp is not as awesome
a task as one would think. We have put together this easy "How
To", step by step, manual to guide you through the When, Where,
Who and What of a day camp. Here is a quick overview of some
of the questions you may have initially.
WHEN DO WE HOLD IT?
HOW LONG A PROGRAM?
- 1/2 day, all day
- start time, finish
WHERE DO WE HOLD IT?
- equipment dealership
- local farm
- community hall
WHO DO WE INVITE?
- rural children and others interested
- topics to be covered
- equipment needed
- films, slides, video tapes
- guest presenters
- literature handouts
- posters, fliers
- media promotion
WHO CAN HELP?
A. What type of facilities will you need to arrange?
- local agricultural office
- local farm groups
- local police
- fire department
- local hydro offices
- first aid trainers
- farm equipment dealership
- safety equipment suppliers
- insurance company
- local county Farm Safety Association
- service clubs
- local Federation of Agriculture office
- Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario
- Women's Institute
- commodity groups
- recreational dealers
The most effective and probably easiest place to hold a Day
Camp is a local farm equipment dealership. Dealers are usually
very receptive to an activity of this type. Holding the Day
Camp at a dealership will also eliminate the need to arrange
for necessary pieces of farm equipment since they will generally
be available right at the dealership.
When contacting a dealer to schedule a Day Camp, ask the following
- Is there a location at the dealership that is available
to set up the appropriate number of stations?
- Will the shop or other well-lit area be available to
hold up to 6 stations if a night meeting is scheduled or
bad weather should prevent outside activities?
- Is the dealer willing to have his mechanics or sales
personnel participate in the Day Camp. (These individuals,
if available, will act as discussion leaders at each of
the related work stations.)
An alternative facility that might be contacted is a
centrally located school. Excellent classroom facilities are
usually available. Disadvantages are, 1)the necessary farm equipment
will have to be transported to the school, and 2)this facility
is usually only available during school holidays, weekends or
evenings. Other facilities to consider - town hall, church hall,
community center, farm, grain elevator, fair grounds, etc.
B. What equipment should you arrange for the Day Camp?
Depending on your program, the following pieces of equipment
would be ideal to have readily accessible at the workshop site.
C. What audio-visual equipment will you need for the Day Camp?
- Tractor and hay baler, rotary mower, lawn mower (riding
and push), ATV, PTO shaft.
- Corn picker or forage harvester.
- Manure spreader.
- Self propelled combine with corn or grain head.
- Chainsaws, flowing grain, augers, fire extinguishers,
The audio-visual equipment needed to conduct the Day Camp will
depend on the types of stations you select to use.
- large screen to fit size of audience
- carousel slide projector
- cassette tape player
- T.V. or video monitor
- VCR recorder/player
- heavy duty 3-wire extension cord, of sufficient length
to fit the room
- overhead projector
- flip chart
Most county Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural
Affairs offices have the necessary equipment just as some churches,
community centers and libraries do. If the equipment is not
available through any of these sources, it can be rented from
a commercial firm. Check the yellow pages of your directory.
Scheduling well in advance of the Day Camp will ensure the availability
of equipment and reduce a lot of last minute running around.
D. What audio-visual materials will you need to schedule
the Day Camp?
The Day Camp may include audio-visual presentations at the stations
you choose to cover.
The Farm Safety Association has a very extensive library of
35mm slide sets and VHS video tapes. Use the order form to obtain
a copy of our Audio-Visual Catalogue. This catalogue includes
a short description of each of the slide sets and videos we
NOTE: If you plan to include emergency first aid on your program,
instructors from the various training groups will have their
own slides and/or videos to use.
Since there may be a considerable demand on the videos and slide
sets used in the Day Camp, it is important that you reserve
what you need well in advance of the planned date.
REMEMBER: A video that becomes damaged from improper handling
often results in the video being out of circulation for months
while it is being repaired or replaced. In addition to creating
scheduling problems for other potential users, damaged videos
add unnecessary costs to already tight budgets. Use only well-maintained
equipment and an experienced individual to operate it. Return
the videos promptly and note any damage or problems.
E. Who will you need to help conduct the Day Camp?
As with any undertaking, the Day Camp needs an interested coordinator
to see that all the details are worked out. In addition, the
following needs should be considered:
F. What printed material should you order for the Day Camp?
- Coordinator or CO-chair - An individual is needed to
keep the Day Camp moving on schedule. Consider farm safety
members, your local agricultural representative or staff,
4-H group leader or farm equipment dealer, teachers, etc.
- Station Discussion Leaders - If you plan to have stations
as suggested by the activity guide you will need individuals
familiar with their related topics. Farmers, equipment salesmen,
dealers, or equipment mechanics, etc. can be very effective
station discussion leaders.
- First Aid Training Leader - If you plan to include a section
on the need for first aid, contact one of the local training
groups - St. John Ambulance, Red Cross, Ski Patrol. Explain
the program and what you wish them to cover. DO NOT TRY
TO INCLUDE A FIRST AID TRAINING COURSE WITH THIS PROGRAM.
If there is sufficient interest, you may wish to hold a
training program at a later date.
- News Media Contact - Someone should be in charge of all
media announcements and arrange for other publicity.
- Audio-Visual Equipment Operator - Someone with experience
operating the projection equipment is essential.
- Always have an extra station ready in the event a presenter
does not show up.
There is a wide selection of excellent safety literature available
from the Farm Safety Association office in Guelph.
Only order material that you feel can be effectively incorporated
into the Day Camp you plan. Flooding participants with more
than four or five pieces of literature will generally result
in a waste of material. A display of other safety literature
and where it can be obtained will encourage parents, etc. to
pick it up or request further material on their own.
The Farm Safety Association will provide promotional and informational
items in limited quantities (less than 50) free of charge to
all organizations in the Province of Ontario that are involved
in the planning and sponsorship of a Child Safety Day Camp.
Please remember when requesting materials for handout at your
Day Camp that there is a cost associated with the above materials
to the Farm Safety Association and that it should be used wisely
and ordered with discretion.
Handouts (Take home material)
Things to keep in mind:
- take home material is a keepsake for the kids; could
include certificates showing that they attended the camp;
t-shirts work well, but are a big cost to the day camp
- use bags to hand out printed materials to kids, printed
material could be pertinent fact sheets or other printed
material on topics covered (to be given at the end of the
G. What about a fire extinguisher demonstration?
- The presentation should incorporate a lot of repeats
to enforce safety to young children.
- The presenters should use words and terms the children
- Children should be categorized into groups according
to their age.
- Groups could be called by machinery names such as tractors,
- Keep the presentations to a maximum of 20 minutes including
5 minutes to rotate.
- Have lots of help for registration, set up, clean up
- Have at least one adult with each group as they rotate
through the stations.
- The presentation should be "Hands On".
A fire extinguisher demonstration is a very important activity
to include on the program of these Day Camps as it provides
each child with actual "hands on" training on how to effectively
put out small fires.
Local fire departments or distributors of fire extinguishers
should be contacted to inquire if they would be interested in
participating on the program. For example:
a) Many local fire departments may be interested in conducting
the demonstration for the Day Camp by providing at no charge
the personnel and fire extinguishers required for the station
b) Many local distributors of fire extinguishers (as listed
in the yellow pages of the telephone directory) may be interested
in providing the personnel and fire extinguishers required
for the demonstration at no charge. It would provide them
with an excellent opportunity to promote their equipment.
NOTE: You may need a Fire Permit.
Check with your local Fire Department or Municipal Office.
c) To generate the funds to cover the cost of recharging fire
extinguishers, a small registration fee for the Day Camp could
be established. Check with your local supplier to determine
recharging fees for both 10lb. and 20lb. extinguishers.
Agribusiness - co-operatives, machinery dealers, feed mills,
d) Contact a local Mutual Insurance company to discuss the
program and solicit their support in sponsoring the demonstration
by providing the funds to recharge the fire extinguishers.
e) Contact local agribusiness, rural organizations, commodity
groups and service clubs to discuss the program and solicit
their support as a cosponsor of the Day Camp by providing
the funds to cover the costs associated with the recharging
of the fire extinguishers.
Commodity Organizations - soil and crop, beef, dairy, pork,
Rural Organizations - Women's Institutes, Federation of Agriculture,
Service Clubs - Lion's Club, Optimist Club, Kiwanis Club, etc.
H. What will it cost to hold a Child Safety Day Camp?
The cost involved to hold a Child Safety Day Camp will vary
with the length , type of activities and location.
A simple two to three hour evening program may involve only
light refreshments such as juice, milk, fruit etc. With a full
day program, you may wish to approach local business - farm
equipment dealers, farm supply companies, local insurance groups,
etc. to help sponsor a portion of your program. You may also
have a local club which may have an interest in promoting safety
in the community.
NOTE: You should charge a minimum of $5.00 per child pre registration
fee as a firm commitment to attend the event.
- service clubs are often youth oriented, and are often
willing to help finance a Day Camp
- mail request to all agri-related commodity groups and
businesses, including Insurance Companies, local Ontario
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs offices
have lists of commodity groups, addresses and contact people
- Your local Federation of Agriculture may be willing to
help finance a camp
- use your own letterhead so that groups know who they
are donating money to
3 months before:
2 months before:
- hold initial planning meeting
- discuss topics
- establish proposed agenda
- establish possible dates
- check conflict with other events; school sports, holidays,
- locate and confirm site
- establish date based on availability of location
- arrange for equipment
- arrange for leader(s), presenters
- send for video and literature catalogues
- contact outside sources for assistance
- set up subcommittees - publicity; refreshment; equipment,
1 month before:
- finalize date
- finalize agenda prepare and distribute publicity
- order handout materials
- order slides, videos
- make arrangements for necessary projection equipment
- advise local news media of details (faxing is ok).
- establish contact person(s) for information
- establish how you will thank all who were involved.
2 weeks before:
- hold short meetings to confirm all plans to date
- follow up where needed
- contact local suppliers for donations
- follow up with local farm and community groups for support
1 week before:
- reconfirm with Day Camp presenters
- check publicity and feed back for attendance
- reconfirm use of Day Camp site
- phone committee if needed
1 day before:
- ensure videos and materials have arrived
- reconfirm equipment rental
- sub-committee report
- pick up prizes, supplies, t-shirts, etc.
Day Camp Day:
- go over final details
- take care of last minute emergencies
- follow-up with sub-committees
- check Day Camp site
- pick up and check out rental equipment
- pick up supplies
- thank participants
- thank sponsors
- thank Day Camp leaders
- arrange for equipment, materials, supplies, to be returned
- send out press release re: Day Camp activity
A theme should be followed "throughout the day, using it on
name tags, graduation certificates, letters to parents and newspaper
Children could be presented with a graduation certificate (Exhibit
10), presenters should be given framed certificates of appreciation.
Donors should be sent letters and certificates of thanks. (There
are examples at the back of this document.)
- TIME ALLOTMENT
- TOPIC RESOURCES
- SIZE OF GROUP
- DRESS CODE
- OTHER PLANNING SUGGESTIONS
A. Choosing the Topics
The primary purpose of this safety day is to educate rural children
to the specific dangers of rural areas and the need to develop
a plan to handle emergency situations on their family farms.
In addition to tractor and machinery safety, you may wish to
include such topics as water safety, safe handling of chemicals,
fire safety and prevention, dangerous gases, etc. Find out the
concerns of local farm families and discuss these with your
B. Time Allotment
When setting up your Agenda, allow 15 - 20 minutes for each
topic presentation including a discussion period and/or activity.
Do not try to cover too many topics (limit to 6 or 7).
Plan your Agenda, to begin no sooner than 9:30 a.m. and to end
no later than 3:00 p.m. End your program soon if driving distance
is extensive or weather conditions are adverse. Evening Day
Camps should start no later than 7:30 p.m. and end by 9:30 p.m.
C. Possible Topics
- live P.T.O. demonstrations vividly show children the
power and destructiveness of farm machinery
- fire extinguisher demonstrations by fire departments
allows a hands on, vivid reminder
- chemicals, lawn mower, animal safety, Personal protective
equipment, tractors, machinery, sun protection, electricity,
ambulance, 911 or emergency call, C.P.R., bicycle safety,
- need back up demonstrations in the case of one of the
presenters being sick, or doesn't show up. also fire departments
have to leave, in the event of a fire call
- hazard search may be good for the kids to do at the start
- testimonial may be appropriate (someone talking about
- have an ambulance crew explain what they do (possibly
show kids the ambulance)
- evacuation plans for your home
- first aid basics by St. John Ambulance (possibly use
a teddy bear as the victim)
- topics should be kept at age level for participants,
determine what the youngest age level will be, and have
your presenters build their talk from that age up to the
top age group
Other Suggested Topics
Example Topics and Explanations
- lawn mower demonstrations
- fire extinguishers
- flowing grain
- dropping a farm gate on a watermelon
- ATV safety
- drowning hazards
- fill balloons with various items, flour, water, rice,
etc. to show kids that when they handle containers on the
farm, that they may not know what is inside (i.e.) chemicals,
- personal safety in the country
- kids alone at home - answering the telephone, using the
Could be presented as a skit showing that many household and
farm products look like other edible products. Various chemical
symbols, could be shown using a wide range of products for kids
to look at and a dummy could be dressed up in a chemical safety
A mower and tractor can be used to show how to shut off the
P.T.O. By using a straw dummy you can show how quickly someone
can become caught up in moving equipment.
A fireman could wear his firefighting garb and ask the kids
questions about methods of starting fires without a match being
Presenters could use a huge variety of toy farm equipment to
demonstrate various principles of safety. The equipment could
be placed on a hay wagon or table so children could see. A toy
man in a mini gravity box could demonstrate suffocation in a
Pressure bandages, puncture wounds, suffocation and choking
could be discussed and demonstrated by St. John Ambulance or
Red Cross, etc.
A push mower and a riding mower could be used. Presenter could
relate the importance of shields, picking up debris on the lawn,
slopes and All Terrain Vehicles. Discuss proper clothing, shoes,
Care must be taken to have enough information and activities
to fill 15 minutes and the presenter should keep children as
active as possible in the stations.
RE: CHILD SAFETY DAY CAMP P.T.O. TALK
Have a guarded P.T.O., an unguarded P.T.O. and a rolling shield
on a table between you and the children. This way you can use
them to help visualize your talk.
D. How big a group?
this station, we are going to discuss the hazards associated
with a P.T.O."
many live on the farm?
- Show of hands
many visit the farm to see a friend, Aunt, Uncle, Grandparent?
- Show of hands
Everyone here has something to do with the farm
does P.T.O. stand for?
Elaborate, explain or restate from participant feedback
so that all know and understand
does the Power Takeoff do?
- Elaborate, explain or restate from participant feedback
so that all know and understand
The Power Take Off is a very aggressive piece of farm
equipment, that powers other mechanical equipment behind
kind of equipment does it power?
- Restate what participants say or elaborate so that all
hear and know
Power Take Off turns at 540 R.P.M., it revolves 9 times
is human reaction time?
- Wait for answers
reaction time is the time it takes you to swat a mosquito
once it starts to sting you - about 1/3 of a second.
1/3 of a second or the time it takes you to swat a mosquito,
a P.T.O. will revolve 3 times - if you get too close to
a rotating P.T.O. it may grab you, and you will be rotating
9 times a second.
does an unguarded revolving P.T.O. like to grab onto?
- Restate what participants state or elaborate (i.e.)
long loose shoe laces, coat draw strings, loose or torn
clothing, long hair, jewelry, coat flaps, pant legs, gym
suit material, etc.
part of your clothing or yourself comes in contact with
a rotating P.T.O. shaft it will wrap you in very quickly.
you stepped up on the drawbar of a tractor with the P.T.O.
going and it grabbed your shoe laces, how long would your
shoe laces have to be to keep you safe and allow you time
to turn the P.T.O. off?
metres long and no one has shoe laces 8 metres long
you faster than a rotating P.T.O.
Can you get away once it has grabbed a hold of you?
How fast does a P.T.O. turn?
What does it like to grab a hold of?
ANYTHING THAT WILL WRAP AROUND IT.
Restate each answer again to reinforce the message and
assure everyone heard.
trust a rotating P.T.O. even with the rolling shield in
place - you never know when it will fail, and you can
just as easily be wrapped around it also.
Stay away from all rotating equipment whether it is moving
fast or slow.
Slow moving shafts are often not seen as being too threatening,
but if they grab hold of you, they can be just as deadly
- STAY AWAY!
should you do if the P.T.O. is in operation?
year in Ontario we have several people seriously injured
and killed while working with or playing around the P.T.O.
while it is operation.
Stay away from the Power Take Off shaft and all types
of rotating shafts whether fast or slow because they can
and will maim or kill you.
We suggest that you limit your Day Camp to 70-100 participants.
Too large a group requires more space, more equipment, and more
people to assist with the program. The type of activities and
program length will also dictate the size of the group. Control
your group size by having participants pre-register.
E. Should there be a registration fee?
This will depend on the sponsoring group. A registration fee
puts a value on the workshop. For many people "no cost = no
value". A commitment of a few dollars will help with preregistration.
You may wish to charge a small fee to cover the cost of refreshments
and have the participants bring their own lunch. The alternative
is to charge a modest fee and have food and drinks supplied.
F. What clothing is appropriate?
Stress the fact that the dress code is casual - slacks, jeans,
but appropriate as to the weather conditions (i.e. rain, snow,
hot, etc.) and appropriate footwear. Closed toed shoes or boots
should be worn.
G. Other planning suggestions to consider
- Have name tags available for everyone.
- Contact local agri-businesses for donations (money).
- Have a registration sheet for everyone to sign in - name,
address, and telephone number. This makes a good contact
list for follow-up sessions.
- Have a contact person to handle inquiries and accept
- Registration sheet should request allergy information
and parent contact telephone number.
- Have participants evaluate the Day Camp.
for smooth board surface and solid backing
pens (dry erasable), glass cleaner
not to leave written work on too long
pad, marker pens, tape
to ensure that the easel is a solid one
microphone and light, storage area
sure that the lectern is a solid one that won't "travel"
thumb tacks, magnets
that the location won't readily allow passers by to brush
number in envelope or folders
you have a lot, make up a table of contents for them
(water soluble) transparencies, spare bulb (type), screen
(tilting type), paper towels, small bottle of water
that all glass is free of dirt and scratches, check for
slide tray (carousel), spare bulb, screen, remote control
that all slides are inserted properly; if sound is involved,
ensure compatibility of sound equipment available
(cassettes), monitor, cable connector,
correct tape format: Beta, VHS
Once you have your program organized, the dates and location
confirmed, your next step will be to promote the Day Camp. This
should be the next most important job on your list. Allowing
as much time as possible will help you to better promote the
A. How should we promote the event?
Posters, invitations to various groups, local federation of
agriculture, and announcements in newsletters. You can easily
use a small poster as a mailing notice. Distribute notices through
area schools. Contact your local news media - newspaper, radio,
t.v. Some offer free announcements to non-profit organizations.
Personal contacts and phone numbers should be considered.
Posters can be placed in machinery dealers, feed and farm supply
outlets, beauty parlors, grocery stores, government offices
(e.g. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural, Affairs,
Post Office, municipal government). See examples, use these
as flyers or as handouts.
C. News Media
The news media - local radio, T.V., daily and weekly newspapers
are always interested in what is happening in the communities
Once your plans are finalized, contact each media and supply
them with a copy of the meeting notice or agenda. The reporters
can prepare suitable news releases for their own use.
Be sure to invite the media to attend the workshop. This will
give you additional press coverage and help to further promote
safety in your community.
Radio and T.V. stations may want to do an interview. There is
nothing to fear about doing these. Relax, remain calm and imagine
yourself telling a friend the details of the event. The interviewer
will assist by asking questions.
D. Where can we get help to design a poster/flyer?
* See attached registration form.
E. What about costs?
The type of meeting, how large an audience you wish to attract,
how extensively you want to promote the workshop, what refreshments,
hall costs, etc. will determine what size budget you may need.
When you have determined any and all costs, seek out ways to
reduce or eliminate them.
What type of sponsorship can we get? What donations can we expect?
What other source of funds are available?
Put a committee together to look after this topic. You will
be amazed at how creative people can be.
PRE REGISTRATION REQUIRED TO REGISTER CALL:
designed specifically towards the safety of rural children will
not have much impact if what was learned is not put into practice
and reviewed periodically. Consider at some future date holding
a follow-up meeting involving members of the family and covering
other areas of rural safety.
Additional safety activities you might consider promoting include:
program designed specifically towards the safety of rural
women. Topics such as poisoning, first-aid, riding on equipment,
restraints systems for automobiles and toy safety could be
b) Encourage greater participation from both boys and girls
in the 4-H Safety Clubs. If your county doesn't have one,
contact your county Agricultural Office and volunteer to get
c) Participate in first aid training and other programs designed
to increase and upgrade emergency skills.
d) Conduct a rural family safety day to include all members
of the family and any employees
e) Hold a rural couples meeting. This could be an evening
or afternoon session.
We are pleased that your child attended the Safety Day Camp.
It is hoped that we have stimulated an interest in safety that
will stay with them a lifetime.
If you would be willing to assist in the planning and organizing
of another Day Camp, please complete this information sheet
and return it to the organizer.
POSTAL CODE: ________________________________________________
The information and recommendations contained in this publication
are believed to be reliable and representative of contemporary
expert opinion on the subject material. The Farm Safety Association
does not guarantee absolute accuracy or sufficiency of subject
material, nor can it accept responsibility for health and safety
recommendations that may have been omitted due to particular
and exceptional conditions and circumstances.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.