in parentheses refer to items in the document A Summary
of Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Agricultural
Employers, 1992: References.
1990, injuries struck over 12 out of every 100 full-time workers
on farms employing more than 10 people, and almost 24 out of
every 100,000 were killed in jobs involving agriculture, farming,
figures leave uncounted all accidents and deaths on the large
proportion of farms run with fewer than 10 workers or operated
only by the owner and family members. According to the Bureau
of Labor Statistics, these casualty rates are 1.5 times higher
than the average injury rates and 4.3 times higher than the
average fatality rates for all private sector industries.
bibliographical review traces the causes of such injuries
and illnesses, and cites farm safety studies, including some
on the health and safety of youth and farm safety education.
Among other highlights, this review discusses the following:
presents unique safety problems not found in most other
data concerning farm accidents have serious limitations,
which raise questions about their accuracy and reliability.
studies provide useful insights into causes and consequences
of farm accidents, but generalizations cannot be made beyond
the study area.
safety standards exist for farm machinery and workplaces,
and most such standards apply only to farms employing 11
or more workers.
emphasis has been placed on researching the chronic effects
of long-term exposure to pesticides and other farm chemicals.
operators and family members are aware of the dangers in
farming, but may make decisions that under more ideal conditions
would have been considered too dangerous.
large number of children are injured on farms each year.
The farm is also often the home, and the children play on
or near machinery. Sometimes children of migrant workers
are injured as well.
traumatic injuries involve machinery, with tractors being
involved in most fatal accidents.
properly planned and executed, holds a great potential for
improving farm safety. Farm safety education programs are
most effective when operators, family members, farm workers,
manufacturers, researchers, and farm safety specialists
are all involved in program development.
report reviews current data sources and selected research concerning
farm safety. The report is not intended to present an exhaustive
review of farm safety literature[1
its aim is to provide a synopsis of farm safety data and research
that will help guide researchers and policymakers in their efforts
to reduce injuries and illnesses on farms. More specifically,
this report provides background to illustrate the continued
need for farm safety research, highlights and evaluates national
sources of data applicable to farm safety, and examines research
in some of the major problem areas in farm safety.
information can be found in the following documents:
of Data Sources
of Recently Published and Current Research
Directions for the Future
A Summary of Minimum Age Requirements of the Fair Labor
- Readers seeking additional farm safety research should consult Agricultural Safely and Health: A Resource Guide (Zimmerman, 1992), Abstracts (Centre for Agricultural Medicine, 1992), and Papers and Proceedings of the Surgeon Generals Conference on Agricultural Safely and Health (U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services, 1991 b).
document was extracted from Bibliographies and Literature
of Agriculture, No. 125, a series of the United States Department
of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 1301 New York Avenue,
NW, Washington, DC 20005-4788. Publication date: October 1993.
L. Runyan, Agriculture and Rural Economy Division, Economic
Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1301 New
York Avenue, NW. Washington, DC 20005-4788.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.