a residential fire occurs every 67 seconds.
were about 472,000 fires in residential properties in 1992,
resulting in 3,750 fire deaths.
the filter once a month, change it when necessary, or at
least twice a year.
Not store combustible material near the furnace.
the furnace inspected once a year and tested for leaks.
Make sure the furnace is vented to the outdoors. Inspect
the chimney for debris that could plug it.
buying a kerosene heater, make sure the local building and
fire codes permit its use in residential structures. Also
check your insurance policy to see if such use will affect
an approved heater that has been tested by the Underwriter:s
the owner:s manual before operating the heater. Maintain
the heater according to the manual.
Not put heaters where people walk. Keep the heater 3 feet
from combustible material such as draperies or furniture.
children to avoid the heater. The surface of some heaters
can exceed 500 degrees Fahrenheit.
Not leave a heater on when no one is at home or when you
kerosene heaters, only use K1 kerosene. It has a .04 percent
sulphur content by weight. Do Not use any other type of
fuel. K2 kerosene is not recommended because it has a higher
sulphur content, and improper use can pose a fire or explosion
hazard. Only fill the heater when it is cool.
Not use flammable solvents, aerosol sprays or lacquers near
Not use the heater in the same room where flammable liquids
are stored or in dusty environments.
provide adequate ventilation for kerosene heaters. Follow
the manufacturer:s directions. If there are none, open a
window 1 square inch for each 1,000 BTU:s of the heater:s
rating. Refer to MU guidesheet 1999, "Unvented portable
kerosene heaters - safety considerations."
of the type of heating system you have, install and maintain
smoke detectors on each level of the house. Refer to MU
guidesheet 1906, "Selecting and Using a Fire Extinguisher;"
and MU guidesheet 1907, "Residential Fire Detection."
a good stove and have it properly installed.
the stove out of traffic and away from furniture and draperies.
Not store combustible materials near the stove.
creosote build up.
Not use wet or unseasoned wood.
a briskly burning fire.
a flue temperature above 250 degrees Fahrenheit.
stove pipes and chimney flues each year before using the
stove. Look for:
or missing bricks.
material and bird nests.
clean the flue and stovepipe of any soot or residues.
any damage before using.
check the stovepipe and chimney for creosote buildup during
the heating season.
dispose of wood ashes by storing them in a non-combustible
metal container with a tight lid. Place the closed container
on a non-combustible floor or on the ground, well away from
all combustible materials.
children not to touch the stove or stand too close to it.
more information, see MU guidesheet 1731, "Wood Stove Maintenance
and Operation;" and MU guidesheet 1735, "Cleaning Stovepipes
fact sheet was produced under Cooperative Agreement U05/CCU7060804-01
between the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
and the University of Missouri. For more information call (314)
Extension, University of Missouri-Columbia, Agricultural Engineering
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.