1) Consult the label for specific storage requirements.
2) Design a pesticide storage area.
3) Store pesticides safely.
storage of pesticides, both synthetic and botanical, in and
around the home is important for many reasons, including protection
of human health, preservation of the environment, and maintenance
of chemical effectiveness. One way to minimize storage problems
is through good planning.
the amount of pesticide that you need for a specific job or
for the current growing season. The smaller volume containers,
even if more expensive ounce for ounce, may in fact be the
"best buy" in the long run, eliminating waste and the need
for storage space. If you need to store pesticides on your
property, follow these guidelines for safety's sake!
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read the pesticide label for specific storage requirements.
The chemical and the container in which it is purchased must
be maintained in good condition. This is necessary to ensure
that the material remains useful, and to avoid environmental
or human health hazards.
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or designate a pesticide storage area that meets the following
to lock well-ventilated properly lighted when in use.
protected both from flooding and high humidity.
from extreme heat and freezing.
enough to allow for separation of herbicides, fungicides,
insecticides, and fertilizers if all these types of materials
are to be stored.
in such a manner that leaks and/or spills may be contained
and cleaned without compromising the soil and water quality
in the vicinity.
area must be designed to keep out unwanted visitors, especially
children and animals! Good lighting and ventilation are important
to protect the health of anyone using the storage area. Proper
ventilation can also prevent chemicals from affecting other
materials in storage. It is essential to store pesticides where
their fumes cannot invade areas used by people or pets. Group
stored chemicals by type as a precaution against contamination.
is a serious problem, as it reduces the shelf life of many
chemicals and causes metal and paper containers to decompose.
It is imperative that storage areas be designed so that there
is no danger of chemicals being washed into our water by flooding
or by accidental spills into water drains.
extremes can cause physical or chemical changes to pesticide
products. Such changes may make the product ineffective and/or
cause plant injury. Heat makes chemicals more volatile and
unstable. Freezing can cause some types of containers to break
open. If specific temperature ranges are required for proper
storage, they will be printed on the product label.
the site must be designed to contain, or stop the further
spread of, any spills and/or leaks.
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approved management techniques for storing pesticides safely:
your storage area where clean-up materials (absorbents,
water) will be near at hand.
pesticides in their original containers. A legible product
label must be attached to the chemical container.
not store pesticides with or near food, medicine, or cleaning
not store pesticides with or near seed or animal feed.
not store flammable materials with pesticides.
the materials in storage so they are accessible and visible.
opened containers in clear plastic bags or see- through
plastic ware. This will allow for easy identification of
products while containing leaks and helping to avoid accidental
all containers with the date of purchase. Keep a written
inventory of materials on hand, and use older chemicals
first. A storage inventory helps in planning purchases next
season. Useful records may include product name, active
ingredient, date of purchase, record of use, and date and
inspect your storage area. Check containers for damage or
leaks. Dispose of unwanted or outdated material according
to the label recommendations.
Publication #: 426-705
Relf, Extension Specialist, Environmental Horticulture,Virginia
more information on selection, planting, cultural practices,
and environmental quality, contact your local Virginia Cooperative
development of this series was funded by ES-USDA Smith lever
3(d), National Water Quality Initiative Funds and the Virginia
Department of Conservation and Recreation, Division of Soil
and Water Conservation.
you want to learn more about horticulture through training
and volunteer work, ask your Extension agent about becoming
an Extension Master Gardener. For monthly gardening information,
subscribe to The Virginia Gardener Newsletter by sending your
name and address and a check for $5.00 made out the "Treasurer,
Virginia Tech" to The Virginia Gardener, Department of Horticulture,
Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0349.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.