trips and falls in the farm workplace can result in serious
injury or death. Following is a brief summary of the major
causes of falls, along with pointers for avoiding such incidents.
Work areas and passageways should be kept clear. Objects should be returned to organized storage areas after use. Children, toys and pets are dangerous additions to farm work areas.
trips on the same level often cause falls into operating machinery,
such as elevators, feed grinders, conveyors, etc. Repair flooring
that is broken or uneven. Cover slick floors with skid-resistant
materials or paint. Oil or water spills should be cleaned up
should be well maintained and properly lit. Provide sturdy
handrails. Keep step free of ice, snow, mud, manure, grease,
grain, or hay. Avoid clutter--boxes, buckets, tools, and other
items should never be stored on stairs. Don't carry a load
that blocks your vision while climbing or descending stairs.
Take your time, and watch where you are going.
falling accidents occur on the level, special care is required
during 'high up' maintenance or construction work, such as painting
roof ladders securely.
should grip the surfaces on which you are working.
materials and tools well secured and within easy reach.
work on exposed, high places when conditions are stormy
work 'high up' when you are tired, ill, or taking strong
injuries are caused by falls from and into moving farm machinery.
To prevent falls during farm machinery operations:
children off of and away from machinery.
allow anyone to ride on the drawbar, or on towed machinery.
clear of operating machinery when there's no need to be
near. Keep at least six feet away when walking by machinery,
so that a slip or stumble won't cause you to fall into moving
jump on or off equipment that is moving. Dismount only after
the tractor or vehicle has come to a complete stop.
handrails and ladders on self-propelled equipment. Keep
proper footwear. Clean mud, snow, grease, or manure off
of shoes or boots before attempting to mount tractors or
slowly over rough ground. Watch for obstructions such as
limbs, low building entrances, lines, etc. that could brush
you off of a vehicle.
safety-approved, good quality ladders. Never try to economize
with a damaged or shaky ladder. Always follow the 4-to-1 rule--set
ladders one foot out for every four feet up. Keep your body
between the ladder rails. It's better to move than risk a fall.
Don't stand on the top three rungs of a straight ladder, or
the top two steps of a stepladder.
can be prevented by taking the time to consider the situation,
and instituting proper measures to avoid or eliminate the 'fall
potential.' Time spent cleaning up a spill or moving objects
out of the way will be much less than the time needed to recuperate
from an injury caused by a fall.
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