During the 15-year period from 1980 to 1994, the Ontario Farm Safety Association (FSA) documented 86 farm work-related fatalities to children under the age of 16 years in the Province. These fatalities involved children who were in the workplace while farm work was being performed. During 1984 to 1992, a Queen's University research group identified 24 additional farm fatalities to Ontario children of the same ages, the majority of which did not involve farm work. In addition, between 1985 and 1991, the Queen's group identified 262 hospitalized injuries to Ontario children that were caused by agricultural machinery. This report provides basic information about the nature of these deaths and injuries, which occurred both on family farms and on the operations of agricultural employers.
Several sources of data were used to describe these deaths and injuries. Fatal farm injuries were described using case reports documented in a registry maintained by the Ontario Farm Safety Association for the years 1980-1994. Some additional farm fatalities were identified and described for the years 1984-1992 from records described for the years 1984-1992 from records kept as the Registrar General of Ontario and at the Office of the Chief Coroner of Ontario. Hospitalized farm machinery injuries were identified from records of patients discharged from Ontario hospitals between 1985 and 1991. Additional information was obtained directly from the medical records departments of the 180 hospitals where these injuries were treated. Only the data was accessed from these sources and confidentiality of the injury victims was maintained.
FARM FATALITIES TO CHILDREN
The number of farm fatalities to Ontario children documented by the FSA between 1980 and 1994 ranged from a low of 2 to a high of 9 per year. Fatals excluded by the FSA as being non-work related from 1984-1992 totaled 24 deaths.
Age and Sex
Causes of Death
HOSPITALIZED FARM MACHINERY INJURIES TO ONTARIO CHILDREN
Similar to the fatalities, the summer months of July and August were associated with the largest numbers of hospitalized farm machinery injuries among Ontario children. This corresponds to the increased activity involving machinery on most Ontario farms at this time. Few injuries occurred during the cold weather months of November through March.
Ninety injuries were observed in the 0-5 age group, 60 injuries among 6-10 year-olds, and 112 among 11-15 year-olds. Injuries to boys outnumbered those to girls in all age groups. For every female injury involving farm machinery there were three involving males.
Location of Injury
COMMON PATTERNS OF INJURY AND DEATH
The information in this report was developed through the co-operation of the following organizations:
Safety Association Inc.
22-340 Woodlawn Road West,
Guelph, Ontario N1H 7K6
Telephone: (519) 823-5600
Ministry of Agriculture,
Food and Rural Affairs
for Injury Prevention and Research
Kingston, Frontenac, and Lennox and
Addington/Queen's University Teaching Health Unit,
221 Portsmouth Avenue,
Kingston, Ontario K7M 1V5
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