is an appliance safety program that parents can practice in
the home with their children. The goal is for parents to exchange
information and train children in the proper use and care
of appliances. In return, the children can improve their living
skills and prevent harm to themselves and the appliances.
are using home appliances alone more and more and at young ages.
They are using appliances to do housecleaning jobs assigned
by parents and to prepare food during times when there are no
use of appliances by children increases, so does the chance
of accidents. Some accidents occurring in homes that might
involve appliances are:
often occur when children use appliances they are too short
to reach or see, or lack the motor skills to operate. Accidents
also occur when children have not had training or are inexperienced
in the safe use of home appliances.
who do chores around the house can help working parents. Parents,
however, should "pause" for a few minutes to help their children
learn to use appliances safely.
is the key to a parents success with P.A.U.S.E. First, pause
and ask yourself questions like:
my child tall enough to use this appliance safely?
my child read and understand the graphics, knobs or dials
to use the appliance?
my child do something unsafe when using the appliance?
a time to work with your child to provide information on how
to use and care for each appliance safely. Make this a "hands-on,
your child go through the steps for using appliances to make
sure they are done correctly. Do this several times before
they use appliances on their own.
leaving instructions that require the use of an appliance,
remind the user of safety factors. This may mean writing notes
in a manner that is easy for your child to understand.
are some safety measures that parents should take to reduce
the chance of appliance-related accidents. The following are
general practices all parents need to follow related to major
the safety instructions in the appliance use and care manual.
sure appliances are properly installed and maintained.
an overall appliance safety check. Look for cords children
might trip over, etc.
shipping cartons, plastic bags, metal bands and staples
that children might use for play. Cartons covered with rugs,
bedspreads or plastic sheets can become airtight chambers.
Staples and metal bands can cause severe cuts.
a major appliance is discarded, abandoned or not in use,
remove the door or door latch mechanism to prevent accidental
not let young children play in or on any major appliance.
is the time to "pause" and teach your child. Conduct the activity
where the appliance is located. Use the following list of appliance
use and safety tips as your guide.
all this information at once may be more than your child can
handle. Try doing a few mini-lessons on each appliance.
a check beside each tip after you share it with your child.
Cover everything on the list that applies.
Range Safety Practices
not attempt to operate with the door open or when the oven
children how to cook their favorite convenience foods. Foods
like pizza and popcorn may be prepared, but only in special
packages or utensils designed specifically for this purpose.
CAUTION children about the stored heat that can cause burns.
only cooking dishes that are safe for the microwave. Show
your children some of the dishes they should use and should
not use. Metal utensils and utensils with metal trim are
not safe to use, unless specifically recommended by the
potholders to remove cooked foods from the oven.
covers or plastic wrap away from the user to avoid steam
heat containers with small openings, like syrup bottles.
nonporous skins or membranes of foods to prevent steam buildup
liquids before heating them to avoid eruptions when containers
are removed from the oven.
not boil eggs in the shell.; they will explode in the oven.
wire twist-ties from paper or plastic packages before placing
them in the oven. The metal twists can cause a fire.
not overcook foods. If materials inside the oven ignite,
KEEP THE OVEN DOOR CLOSED. Turn off the power immediately
by turning the oven off and disconnecting the power cord.
only thermometers specifically designed for use in a microwave
proper clothing when using the range. Loose-fitting or baggy
sleeves can catch fire when one reaches across a burner.
dry potholders. Wet potholders can cause burns from steam.
the handles of pans toward the center of the range, but
so they do not extend over other surface units. In this
position they are less likely to be knocked or pulled off,
thus reducing the chance of burns or scalds.
not leave surface units that are set to high or medium high
unattended. Also, watch fat and grease closely so they do
not become too hot and catch on fire.
elements can look cool when they are hot, so caution children
to not touch heating elements.
not set bowls, utensils, towels, etc., near electric units
or gas burners where they could catch fire.
use the oven door to stand on because the range could tip,
resulting in serious burns or other injuries.
not store toys or other items inside the oven.
the oven before preheating to make sure nothing is inside.
Also, place an oven rack in the desired location while the
oven is cool.
not use the range to heat the room. A person could be burned
or injured, or a fire could start.
children how to load the dishwasher properly. Sharp knives
and prongs can cut if they are not loaded facing downward.
can break in the dishwasher. Beware of this when loading
and unloading to prevent being cut.
the drying element inside the dishwasher and caution children
against touching it because it gets very hot.
not allow children to use the door to step on for reaching
and latch or lock the dishwasher door when not loading or
the electric cord of a refrigerator or freezer before cleaning
it to prevent electrical shock.
children not to climb, hang or stand on refrigerator/freezer
how to clean the lint filter after each load. Lint build-up
can cause a fire.
not reach into the washer or dryer when it is operating.
Wait until the machine has stopped completely.
wash or dry articles spotted with flammable substances like
dry cleaning fluids or gasoline. They could ignite or explode.
not dry foam rubber and plastic coated items in the dryer.
your child to follow package directions when using laundry
products. Incorrect use of chlorine bleach with ammonia
can produce poisonous gas.
not compact containers or cans containing poisonous or explosive
not shove items down into the compactor with hands or feet.
have finished, give yourself a pat on the back. Why? Because
you deserve it. You paused long enough to help protect the child
you love from harm. That's something to be proud of.
-- Handles that allow use of the whole hand
are easier for children, whose grips are weak, to use. This
is also true for opening doors, drawers, and turning controls
on appliances. Front or side controls are easier to use than
those at the rear or on the back splash. Controls at the rear
or on the back splash may be hard to reach by short children.
To reach the controls the child may try something unsafe like
climbing on the appliance.
to Read Controls -- Controls that are easy to understand
are a good choice. You should be able to see if the appliance
is OFF or ON.
to Read Directions -- Make sure directions for use are
easy to read and follow. If the directions supplied by the
manufacturer are hard to understand you might need to "write
to Clean -- Easy cleaning is important if children will
be using the appliance. They should be taught routine maintenance
and cleaning along with proper use of an appliance.
further information about home safety, contact your local
county Extension office
Publication #: AEX-69
Ohio State University Extension, Columbus, Ohio 43210. Funded
in whole or in part from Grant Number U05/CCU506070-02, "Cooperative
Agreement Program for Agricultural Health Promotion Systems,"
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Publication
date: June 1992.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts
of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Bobby D. Moser, Director of Ohio
State University Extension, The Ohio State University. All
educational programs and activities conducted by Ohio State
University Extension are available to all potential clientele
on a non- discriminatory basis without regard to race, color
creed, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, sex,
age, handicap or Vietnam-era veteran status.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
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