following script can be used to deliver a 15-minute training
session to employees. It would be a good idea to use some
props (e.g. sunscreen, sunglasses, protective hat, etc.) You
can demonstrate how various items can be used to minimize
exposure to skin-damaging solar radiation.
The text emphasizes the most important points of " sun safety
" It is suggested that you try to stay strictly on topic.
Obviously, you will need to be prepared to answer questions.
TO EMPHASIZE :
exposure to the sun can increase the risk of developing
skin cancer in the future.
radiation is the strongest between 10:00 A.M. and
"cover up" and apply a sunscreen if you
will be working outside for more than a few minutes.
a sunscreen rated SPF 15 of greater.
of the danger
A lot of farm work involves being outdoors when the sun's radiation
is most intense. Repeated daily exposure to the sun over a number
of years increases an individual's risk of developing a number
of health problems, including:
wrinkling, and drying out of the skin
to the eyes.
individual's are at greatest risk. However, excessive exposure
to the sun's ultraviolet rays can even be harmful if you have
dark hair and dark skin.
Did you know that it is even possible to get sunburned on a
Take steps to protect yourself
Solar radiation is strongest between 10:00 A.M. and 3:00 P.M.
It's especially important to protect your skin against the sun
during these hours.
.Try to limit your time in the sun. That can be tough in the
farm workplace! If you have to work outside all day, take your
breaks indoors, if possible. At least try to get into the shade
for a few minutes every hour. .Liberally apply sunscreen lotion
on the face, neck, hands, forearms, ears, and any other unprotected
skin. U se a product with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15
or higher-. Put sunscreen on before heading outdoors. Reapply
the lotion as required during the day. .Eye damage can result
from prolonged exposure to the sun. Always wear sunglasses that
filter out at least 90 percent of the sun's ultraviolet rays.
Choose the right clothing to protect the rest of the body. You
be more comfortable without a shirt! Remember,
today's tan could lead to serious skin health problems in the
1, Cover up as much as possible. Lightweight, tightly-woven
shirts and long pants will block most of the sun's rays. Light
colored cotton is most comfortable under hot summer conditions.
Garments should fit comfortably and not be too tight. However,
loose or floppy clothes should not be worn if there is any chance
you will be working around machinery.
2. You must wear a hat. It should shade the ears, face, temples,
and back of the neck. Standard baseball caps don't offer much
protection against the sun. You need to add a neck shade to
protect the back of the neck and the ears. The best choices
in head gear include pith helmets-that's right, just like the
ones they wear in the jungle-and straw hats with extra wide
Learn to recognize skin problems
We all need to check our skin regularly for signs of damage
that could indicate a health problem. Take a close look at the
top of your head, face, lips, and the tips of your ears. Use
a full length mirror for a "head-to-toe" inspection.
Look for the following during your skin check
in the size, shape, or color of moles. In particular, watch
irregular borders on moles (ragged, notched, or blurred
moles that aren't symmetrical (one half doesn't match
colors that aren't uniform throughout.
moles that are bigger than a pencil eraser.
be on the lookout for:
sores that bleed and don't heal.
a change in the sensation of a mole, such as itchiness
red patches or lumps. Don't overlook the top of the
Any of the above could cancer. If caught early, quite effectively.
If you your doctor! be an indication of skin it can usually
be treated suspect a problem, see your doctor!
Do what the experts do!
You likely have seen documentaries or Hollywood films that depict
tribesmen in the Sahara Desert. These folks are always completely
covered up with clothing, despite living in one of the most
blistering hot environments on earth. Think they're just being
modest? Hardly! They know the damage that the sun's rays can
do to the skin, and that's why they keep themselves covered.
Protecting the skin and eyes against the sun is one of the best
things you can do to protect your future health.
Are there any questions?
Finally, let's take a moment to review some of the "Do'~"
and "Don'ts" of protecting yourself against the sun.
wear a hat that completely shades the ears, face,
a sunscreen with SPF of 15 or greater.
wear sunglasses to protect your eyes against ultraviolet
a suntan to be "cool" or a sign of health.
sun lamps, tanning beds or other artificial tanning
skin changes that could be cancerous.
The information and recommendations contained in this publication
are believed to be reliable and representative of contemporary
expert opinion on the subject material. The Farm Safety Association
Inc. does not guarantee absolute accuracy or sufficiency of
subject material, nor can it accept responsibility for health
and safety recommendations that may have been omitted due
to particular and exceptional conditions and circumstances.
Copyright © 2002
Farm Safety Association Inc.
22-340 Woodlawn Road West, Guelph, Ontario N1H 7K6 (519) 823-5600.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.