Death certificate data concerning farm-related injury deaths among children 0 to 9 years of age in Wisconsin and Illinois for the period of 1979 to 1985 were reviewed. Average annual farm-related injury death rates were 3.2 per 100,000 rural children in Wisconsin (62 deaths) and 1.5 per 100,000 in Illinois (32 deaths). Rates were three times higher among boys than girls. The occurrence of two harvest-related peaks and the absence of fatality in children less than 1 year of age suggest that presence of children on the farm when supervision is diminished is a key factor in farm-related fatalities. Moving machinery (tractors, wagons, and trucks) was the source of injury in approximately 55% of all deaths. Drowning accounted for 15% of all farm-related deaths. Two fatalities related to gravity box wagons could have easily been prevented with simple safety devices. These findings suggest a need for developing environmental interventions in farms. This will require the allocation of more resources to farm safety programs and a revision of current farm safety legislation.
JOURNAL AND NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE ID#
JOURNAL: Pediatrics. 1989; 83(2): 267-271.
Note: Pediatrics.NLOM ID#: 89112928 .
Publication #: 89112928
This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
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