number of farm-accident fatalities is not declining in proportion
to the decline in farm population, partly because of the increasing
average age of people on farms. The annual mortality from
farm accidents is estimated at from 60 to 70 per 100,000 of
farm population. Nonfatal injuries, including both lost-time
and no lost- time accidents, occur to about a third of the
farm population annually. The lost-time injuries involve about
19 percent of the farm population; while the more serious nonfatal
accidents, those resulting in permanent disabilities, destroy
or reduce the earning power of about 3 percent of the farm
SOURCE AND NATIONAL
LIBRARY OF MEDICINE ID#
environmental situations are more hazardous than urban situations.
Farms are isolated, with little supervision of work and
not much opportunity for an injured person to obtain first
aid promptly. Secondary highways are often hazardous and,
though there is less traffic, even on the most improved
rural highways it is less controlled than urban streets.
The high rate of accidents to farm people is also related
to the pattern of farm work, which is more of a family job
running more nearly around the clock than the job of a wage
earner in town.
rates are high among our farm youth. For the United States
more than half of the annual mortality to young people between
the ages of 15 and 24 is due to accidents.
80 percent of our farm accidents result from carelessness
or failure to deal with hazards safely. Many accidents are
vehicles are listed as the agency of injury most frequently
associated with accidents to farm people. Traffic accidents
to farm people. Traffic accidents account for many of the
serious injuries of farm people while they are off their
farms. Farm machinery was the agency most frequently associated
with accidents occurring on farmland. Falls were most frequently
associated with home accidents.
accidents are at their peak in June, July, and August--the
most active period of crop production and harvest.
economic cost of farm accidents is unknown, but it is believed
that hospitalization and medical treatment account for less
than a fourth of the total cost. As yet, little is known
about the economic loss of wages or production, which probably
accounts for a considerable part of the total cost. According
to a generally accepted rule of thumb, the indirect costs
of industrial accidents are about 4 times the direct costs.
no uniform method of reporting farm accidents has been developed,
it is difficult in many respects to make comparisons or
pool data from various "spot" studies. A uniform report
form, with standardized definitions, is needed. Such a report
form and definitions would permit comparison of basic factors
among areas and time periods, promote a better understanding
of the farm accident problem, encourage local studies, and
perhaps point to more effective ways of reducing these accidents.
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1962.
document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of
Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers
for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety
are unable to supply copies of the full report cited
in this entry. Readers are advised to use the following
or publisher: articles are frequently available
from the author or publisher.
or other research libraries: these facilities
often have the material on hand or know where
it can be obtained. If available, each journal
entry includes the appropriate National Library
of Medicine unique identification number to aid
in interlibrary loan requests.
some U.S. Government-sponsored research reports,
including ones out-of print, are available from
the National Technical Information Service, U.S.
Department of Commerce.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.