The basic objectives of the study were to: 1) Determine the exposure characteristics of farms and farm families; 2) Procure information on the total Michigan accident picture; 3) Provide supplemental information on the nature and incidence of accidents that would come under workmen's compensation; and 4) Collect information for use in safety education.
A random stratified sampling of 2,139 farms was obtained from ten county areas. This represented 2.57 percent of all Michigan farms. The period covered by the study was June 1, 1967 to May 31, 1968 with 224 volunteer interviewers completing the project.
Results show that only 50.7 percent of the accidents occurred to farm people while doing farm-work. The balance of the accidents occurred while doing home-work, other-work, or during periods of leisure. The incidence of farm-work accidents is in direct proportion to the hours exposure to accidents. Leisure accidents are more nearly a reflection of the number of farms or the number of people exposed to accidents.
Information obtained in this study justifies the following conclusions:
Accidents do not happen by pure chance. Variations in farm factors and in family characteristics affect the occurrence of accidents.
Several likely candidates for an accident prevention program were found. Tractors, ladders and farm wagons had 6.5, 6.1, and 4.7 percent respectively of all accidents. There is a large potential for improvement in safe practices in these three categories. Leaders would do well to consider the overall impact any program would have on the reduction of the accident frequency.
SOURCE AND NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE ID#
SOURCE: East Lansing, Michigan: Rural Manpower Center, Michigan State University; 1968. 51.NLOM ID#: No ID#.
This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
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