fatalities have declined over the 22-year-period, 1956 through
1977. This decline has occurred during a period when tractor
numbers on Ohio farms have remained relatively constant.
percent of the tractor victims were killed in overturns,
with the majority of the overturn fatalities (67%) being
sideways. Field conditions at the time of the fatalities
were not related to overturns.
farmers or family members of full time farmers accounted
for 47 percent of all tractor fatalities.
age grouping of 65 and over accounted for 26 percent of
all fatalities. The next most affected age grouping was
45-64, accounting for 25 percent of all fatalities. These
two age groups are killed in disproportionate numbers when
compared to the percentage of rural Ohio population that
were fatality victims of tractor accidents in 94 percent
of all cases studied.
riders accounted for 13 percent of all fatalities with 43
percent of the extra riders being under 5 years of age.
The percentage of extra rider fatalities from full time
farm families was greater than for part time farming or
non farm victims. Drivers of tractors involved in extra
rider fatalities were usually brothers or fathers of the
victim. Twenty-four percent of the drivers of the tractors
in extra rider fatalities were in the 11-15 age group.
fatalities were recorded for the six hour period following
12:00 noon than for the six hour period immediately prior
to noon. A noticeable drop in fatalities occurred after
6:00 P.M. A greater percentage of part time farmers were
killed after 6:00 P.M. than was full time farmers.
was the highest fatality month followed by July, August
and June respectively.
half of all tractor fatalities occurred in the field. Highway
related tractor fatalities accounted for 18 percent of all
fatalities. A greater percentage of full time farmers was
killed in highway accidents with motor vehicles than was
part time farmers. Twenty-three percent of all fatalities
occurring in tractor-motor vehicle altercations was represented
by victims age 70 and over. A noticeable decline occurred
in tractor fatalities related to altercations with motor
vehicles i the decade following the required use of the
slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblem.
major makes and types of tractors were involved in fatalities
during the 22-year-period of the study. No single make,
model or type of tractor stands out as being more susceptible
to accidents then another. No specific setting of wheels
or weighting situations were determined a major cause of
upsets or accidents.
being pulled or attached to tractors or mechanical failure
were not determined major factors in tractor accidents and
fatalities. No one specific piece of equipment can be singled
out as a major contributing factor to fatalities.
SOURCE AND NATIONAL
LIBRARY OF MEDICINE ID#
Cooperative Extension Service, The Ohio State University;
NLOM ID#: No
document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of
Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service,
Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health.
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