and cooking equipment are the number one cause of home fire
injuries in the United States.
hot foods and drinks away from the edge of counters and
tables. Don't set hot items on tablecloths because children
could pull it onto themselves.
hold a child and something hot at the same time.
children away from the stove, turn pan handles in, and cook
on the rear burners when possible.
NOT allow children to use the microwave without supervision.
may not realize which dishes or containers are "microwave
safe." Some plastics or paper can be overheated in a
microwave and catch on fire.
may not re-heat a leftover enough to kill the harmful
bacteria growing in it.
may not realize how hot the bottom of the container
"nuked" will be.
burns to the face and hands are possible if the popcorn
or dish is opened too soon.
to the mouth can occur due to unevenly heated foods.
cooked in their shell, can explode, causing second degree
an average person's lifetime, households can expect to average
two fires serious enough to alert the fire department.
a residential fire occurs every 67 seconds.
were 3,705 fire death in home fires in 1992 and 21,600 injuries.
children (age 5 and under) and older adults (age 65 and
older) have the highest fire death rates in U.S. home fires.
burns need immediate medical attention because they can be life
threatening. A burn is considered critical when any one of the
has difficulty breathing.
cover more than one of the victim's body parts.
occur to the head, neck, hands, feet, or genitals.
is an infant, young child or an elderly person (and the
burn is other than a very minor one).
resulted from chemicals, explosions or electricity.
only affect the top layer of skin, leaving a red, dry patch
of skin. Though painful, these burns will usually heal in 5
to 6 days.
cool water over the area for several minutes.
the area with soap and water. If in doubt about the severity
of the burns, treat them as critical and seek medical attention
and maintain smoke detectors on each level of the home and
outside each bedroom. For additional information, review
MU Guidesheet #1907, "Residential Fire Detection."
the batteries when you change your clocks for daylight-saving
and practice two escape routes from every room in the home.
children how to get out. Teach them to crawl to the
door and test it before opening it. If the door or handle
are hot or if smoke is coming in around the door, go
out the other way. If they must go out through a window,
make sure they know how to open it. Buy an approved
chain ladder and teach children how to use it.
up a meeting place outside.
the fire department from a neighbor's house. Teach children
how to report a fire, give clear directions to the house,
and to stay on the phone until the dispatcher says they
go back into the house.
children what to do if their clothes catch on fire. Stop,
drop, roll, shout for help, cool the burns with cool water,
sure your children's sleepwear is not flammable. Clothing
burn victims are more likely to die as a result of their
injuries than people burned any other way. The clothing
causes a deeper burn that affects a greater portion of the
This fact sheet was produced under Cooperative Agreement U05/CCU7060804-01
between the National Institute of Occupational Safety and
Health and the University of Missouri. For more information,
call (314) 882-2731.
of Missouri - Columbia Extension, University of Missouri-Columbia,
Agricultural Engineering Department.
in furtherance of Cooperative Extension Work Acts of May 8 and
June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department
of Agriculture. Ronald J. Turner, Interim Director, Cooperative
Extension Service, University of Missouri and Lincoln University,
Columbia, Missouri 65211. An equal opportunity institution.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.