will know where to look for safety rules and information
about proper use and operation of tractors.
will be able to list several steps they should take before
operating a piece of equipment.
will learn several warning signs that could mean trouble
while they are operating a tractor.
will start to develop a feeling for reactions they should
have to stay safe when dangerous situations develop.
half of all farm fatalities are a result of a tractor mishap,
rollovers being the most common. Runovers are also common,
with PTO entanglements happening all too often as well. Many
of these accidents could be avoided if the operator had handled
the situation differently. Often lack of understanding the machine,
its capabilities and limitations, and proper ways to react to
the warning signals it sends out result in a tragic accident.
Knowledge of some general safety procedures and the importance
of learning specific safety information about each piece of
machinery used could save many lives and much pain and expense.
tractor (if possible)
of several tractor owners' manuals
(Equipment Manufacturers Institute) or other general tractor
operation safety manual.
made from the transparencies
Compare two or more machines from the same category or that
appear approximately the same, and show how they have distinct
differences in capacity and limitations and handling although
there are similarities. Examples might be tractors that have
been modified with other equipment such as tracks, mounted corn
harvesters, combines with the grain tank full and empty, etc.
Discuss the differences such equipment could make in the operation
of the machine.
on the listeners' experience to make a list of warning signs
sent out by a tractor or other self-propelled machine that
an operator should be aware of and must react properly to.
Appropriate answers might include such things as the front
tires bobbing off the ground under certain load conditions,
front tires sliding sideways in an attempted turn, the uphill
rear tire spinning under a light load, engine stalling from
a high speed, or the presence of moving parts near you when
you dismount the machine.
transparency A to teach basic rules for preparing the operator
and the machine for use. Transparency B lists items on the
equipment that need to be checked before use for safe operation.
Transparency C gives some important rules for safe tractor
operation that everyone should know and heed.
important to note that this information should not be considered
a replacement for the machine's owner's manual, but rather
a supplement to it. As mentioned earlier, the differences
in each piece of equipment are important and the operator
should familiarize himself with each before use.
the listeners make a list of items that should be checked
on a tractor before it is started.
each student to state a safety rule that should be observed
while operating a tractor.
a typical scenario of a dangerous situation developing and
ask listeners to comment about actions that should be taken
by the operator. Ask what might happen if proper action
isn't taken, or if it is taken too late.
should be able to make a list of general safety rules that
apply to the operation of any self-propelled equipment.
the listeners with examples of machines that have been modified
or have attachments. Ask how the extra weight or modification
might change the machine's response to the controls.
owners manuals where they are readily available for review.
Provide each machine on your farm with a weather-proof container
to keep the owners manual with the machine.
with farmers that have survived accidents to find out the
causes, the warnings that preceded it, how they reacted
and what might have been a better response.
appropriate, look into more in-depth tractor safety and
equipment safety classes and courses.
of Machine Operation
Tractor Safety Manual
S. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL
training curriculum was produced by the New York Center for
Agricultural Medicine and Health (NYCAMH).
York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, One Atwell
Road, Cooperstown, New York 13326. Phone number: (607) 547-6023
or 1-800-343-7527 in the Northeast
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.