University of Kentucky
The Kentucky Community Partners
for Healthy Farming ROPS Project : SIMS - Simulation
SIMS - Simulation Exercises
section of the notebook contains nine simulation exercises.
Eight are in paper and pencil format and "Tractors, Farm Safety and Economics - Kayles'
Difficult Decisions" is in a
CD-ROM multimedia format. All eight simulations require the
user to interact with a developing story, its characters,
plots, and predicaments. The user must make choices among
alternative decisions and note the consequences of these choices.
The simulations are most effective when used in small groups
of from two to four individuals who collaborate during the
activity. The exercises also work well when larger groups
of people are divided into small groups.
of the eight paper-and-pencil simulations consists of four
parts. These are the Tips, the Problem Booklet, the Answer
Sheet, and the Answer Key. The Tips are for the teacher or
group leader. They tell how to administer the simulation exercise.
The Problem Booklet presents the simulation scenario a page
at a time using text and graphics. The participants mark their
choices on an Answer Sheet. When each small group has finished,
participants compare their answers to the Answer Key and discuss
any differences of opinion. The paper and pencil simulations
Difficult Decisions" CD-ROM simulation exercise is self-contained
and requires no paper materials. It includes many graphics,
text and audio. It is designed for PC computer administration
and works best when people work in pairs at a computer. It
requires from 60 to 90 minutes to complete this interactive
computer simulation. A wealth of information is included in
follow-up notes that can be accessed by topic while working
through the program. Paper and pencil versions of the Kayles'
simulation are available upon request.
simulations are based on events and predicaments encountered
by real farmers and farm family members as they dealt with
some problem or issue. Farmers and farm family members involved
in field-testing the simulations report that they are interesting,
engaging, and memorable. The materials are ideal for use as
hands-on activities in classrooms and community meeting settings.
of the simulations deal with tractor overturn risks, injuries,
and their prevention through the use of ROPS and seat belts.
Two of the simulations deal with child second riders on tractors
and the risks involved in this practice. Another simulation
deals with the hazards children can encounter when they play
on a farm. The "Heather
on Horseback" exercise deals with the risk of severe
head injury when horseback riding without a helmet and the
protection provided by a certified riding helmet.
Way to Meet a Neighbor
(X stands for "exercise")
story about a fatal highway collision between a city dweller
and an experienced farmer during haying season in good
weather and broad daylight on a Friday afternoon. Defensive
driving in farming country and safe equipment operation
Foggy Morning Meeting
early morning collision between an automobile and a round
hay baler occurs on a hilly and foggy country road. The
woman driving the automobile is severely injured and her
three children are shaken up. Defensive driving and safe
equipment operation are emphasized.
inexperienced 14-year-old boy is clearing a pasture of
weeds and brush with a tractor and rotary mower. The tractor
runs onto a log and starts to overturn. Decision alternatives
include what the boy can do to escape injury. What he
and his family could have done to prevent an overturn
injury is examined.
Ride and Tantrum
the objections of his mother, a 4-year-old boy rides on
a tractor with his grandfather. The boy has a tantrum
when his mother insists he get off the tractor. Later,
on a nearby farm, another child is run over and killed
when he falls off a tractor another grandfather is driving.
true story about an 8-year-old boy who died when he fell
off a tractor and under a mower when he was riding with
his father. The simulation explores the reasons parents
allow children to ride on tractors, the misconceptions
involved, the severe consequences that can result, and
ways to avoid this dangerous practice. Summaries of similar
cases are provided.
a young girl from a suburb visits her cousins who live
on a farm in the country. The 6-year-old child sees the
farm as an awesome playground. Soon she wanders away and
is exposed to several hazards. Her two young cousins also
encounter hazards and risk injuries as they search for
Vicki. Summaries of child farm injuries and close calls
13-year-old girl who is learning to ride a horse is upset
that her dad is leaving for a business trip. She begins
riding her horse fast, without a helmet or supervision.
She is thrown and suffers a severe head injury and a permanent
disabling injury. Summaries of many similar cases are
included along with a website address that regularly publishes
Farm Safety and Economics
are two interactive multimedia exercises on this CD. The
first follows a farm family through a three-year period
as they expand their farm operation and struggle to deal
with labor and money shortages. While stressed by lack
of time and bad weather, their 14-year-old son is severely
injured in a tractor overturn. The simulation illustrates
the economic advantages of good farm planning and management,
investing in safety equipment, and using safe work practices.
The second exercise is a demonstration of fatal and non-fatal
farm tractor overturns and the injury prevention effectiveness
of ROPS and seat belts. Both exercises can be used in
high schools and young and adult farmer classes. A multimedia
PC computer is required.
| Brad's Last Ride
||Brad takes his ATV out for an afternoon of fun with his friend, Zack. When they begin to race, Brad takes the lead. He turns in his seat to see how far ahead he is. With his head turned, he steers a little too far to the right and misses the opening in a fence. The resulting collision has serious consequences.
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Reviewed for NASD: 04/2002