your teen-aged son or daughter starts a part-timef arm job
this summer, here are a few questions for parents to consider:
they eligible for employment?
child labor laws prohibit youth under 16 years of age from
working on farms unless they've completed a certified tractor
or machine operation course. The only exemptions to this
law regard work on a farm owned by the child's parents,
and summer detasseling jobs.
labor laws apply whether or not the youth is paid for the
work, even if they work on a farm owned by a grandparent
or close relative. Youth older than 16 years are not restricted
by child labor laws.
kind of work will they be doing?
of certified tractor and machinery training courses allows
your son or daughter to drive a tractor in fields, connect
or disconnect implements on the tractor, and operate most
farm machinery such as a hay mower and baler or combine.
Summer detasseling jobs are within the law, but youth under
age 16 cannot operate a detasseling machine or use a power
with a training certificate, however, youth under 16 years
are prohibited from certain farm jobs considered "hazardous"
by the U. S. Department of Labor. Hazardous jobs include
working on ladders from heights above 20 feet, handling
or applying farm chemicals, and working inside storage structures
that might have a toxic or oxygen-deficient atmosphere such
as manure pits, silos or grain bins.
many hours will they work?
under 16 years can be employed only part-time. According
to Iowa Code, part-time is considered 4 hours per day not
to exceed 28 hours in a seven-day period. An exemption is
made for detasseling work.
your son or daughter have a work permit?
helpful to provide employers with a permit that certifies
the youth's age and the type of work he or she will be doing.
Iowa employers are required by state law to keep work permits
on file for most minor employees, however, it's up to the
employee to apply for and provide the permit. Permits can
be issued by the Iowa Job Service office or the local school
more information about laws regarding youth farm employment,
contact the Iowa Division of Labor at (515) 281-3606. A new
publication, Know Laws about Youth Farm Workers, also is available
free at any extension office.
news release was distributed by Iowa State University Extension
as part of the Safe Farm Program. Safe Farm promotes health
and safety in agriculture. It is funded by the National Institute
for Occupational Safety and Health, Iowa State University,
and a network of groups that serve Iowa farm workers and their
families. Distribution date: June 1993.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.