is the most hazardous industry in the United States. Accidents
occur frequently with both adults and children. Thus, it
is important that children, as well as adults, know how
to handle emergency situations. Basic life-saving principles
that parents can share with their children are discussed
in the following sections.
most fundamental lesson parents and grandparents should
teach children is how to contact emergency assistance. This
may seem trivial, but it can make the difference between
life and death. Parents and grandparents can review the
following steps with children. Note: It is very important
that children know where they live and how to get to their
addition to the emergency number for your area, children
should know the poison control number. Family members should
also know where other members of the family are working
and what time they are expected to return. If they are not
home by the expected time, someone should look for them.
Many accident victims could have been saved if help would
have arrived sooner.
is essential that children know that they should not enter
a silo or grain bin to rescue another person. If someone is
caught in one of these structures and a child enters, then
they too can become trapped. The child does need to know how
to turn off an operating auger and turn on a fan, if one is
present, and then get assistance.
same principle applies to manure dangers. If someone enters
a manure storage area and is overcome by the gases, a child
or adult should not enter the area to rescue the person.
Instead, the child should call the fire department so proper
breathing equipment can be brought to rescue the person.
Children should be taught where and how to turn off all farm
machinery. If a person becomes entangled, a child could save
his/her life by turning off the equipment and then getting
Parents and grandparents should remind children to be very
cautious and alert when around any animal on the farm. Children
need to be aware of their location so they do not end up behind
an animal and get stepped on or kicked. Running or screaming
around animals can cause the animal to become spooked, which
could lead to injury to a child. Children also need to be
warned to stay away from any farm animal with its young. A
new mother can quickly turn on a child if she feels her young
are threat ned.
Very often it is a family member who is the first on the scene of a farm accident. If this person knows how to properly
respond to the emergency situation it could mean the difference
between life and death. Therefore, any time spent learning
first-aid is time well spent.
Go to the nearest telephone
Dial the emergency number
When someone answers, they will need to know:
you are - be very specific - give the exact location;
give any landmarks, names of streets, intersections or
rural route number (Have your house number clearly posted!)
many people are hurt
condition of the people hurt
Do not hang up until you ask if you should!
WHAT ALL FARM
FAMILY MEMBERS SHOULD LEARN FROM A HEALTH PROFESSIONAL
is a review of the basic steps required to perform Rescue
Breathing & CPR. Note: It is strongly suggested that parents,
grandparents and children take a CPR and first-aid course.
For more information, contact your county office of Ohio State
University's Cooperative Extension Service or the health department
in your county.
the victim respond?
or gently shake the victim (see Figure 1).
"Are you O.K.?" If there is no response shout, "Help!"
victim on back if necessary (see Figure 2).
victim towards you as a single unit; as you roll victim,
support the back of head and neck (see Figure 3).
your hand - the one nearer victim's head - on victim's
2 fingers of other hand under bony part of lower jaw
head and lift jaw. Avoid closing victim's mouth (See
your ear over victim's mouth and nose.
at chest, listen and feel for breathing for 3 to 5
seconds (See Figure 5).
2 full breaths.
your mouth wide, take a deep breath and make a tight
seal around outside of victim's mouth.
2 full breaths. Look for chest to rise and fall. Listen
and feel for escaping air (See Figure 6).
for carotid pulse.
Adam's apple with middle and index fingers of other
fingers down into groove of neck on side closer to
for carotid pulse for 5 to 10 seconds (See Figure
EMS for help.
someone to call for an ambulance.
1 breath every 5 seconds.
for 1 minute - about 12 breaths (See Figure 8).
to do next:
pulse is absent, begin chest compressions.
pulse is present but victim still not breathing, continue
victim begins to breathe, maintain open airway, and
monitor breathing until EMS arrives.
facing victim's chest.
middle and index fingers of hand, locate lower edge
of victim's rib cage on side closer to you.
fingers up edge of rib cage to notch at lower end
of breastbone (See Figure 9).
middle finger in notch, and index finger next to it
on the lower end of breastbone (See Figure 10).
heel of hand nearer victim's head on breastbone next
to index finger of hand used to find notch (See Figure
heel of hand used to locate notch directly on top
of heel of other hand (See Figure 12).
3 cycles of 15 compressions and 2 breaths.
2 full breaths
to do next.
there is still no pulse, continue CPR.
pulse returns, check breathing.
victim is not breathing, begin rescue breathing.
victim is breathing, monitor until EMS arrives
Publication #: AEX-991.2
a series of the Ohio State University Extension, Columbus,
Ohio 43210. Publication date: October 1992. Funded in whole
or in part from Grant Number U05/CCU506070-02, "Cooperative
Agreement Program for Agricultural Health Promotion Systems,"
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Supported
in part by project #MCH394001-02-1 from the Emergency Medical
Services for Children program, Health Resources and Service
Administration Department of Health a d Human Services.
Thomas L. Bean, Safety Leader; Jennifer Wojtowicz, Graduate
Assistant, Ohio State University Extension, Columbus, Ohio
43210. Reviewed by Dr. Randall Wood, Dr. Sue Nokes and Mr.
Ron Clason, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ohio
State University Extension.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
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