Farm Accidents: A Clinical and Statistical Study Covering Twenty Years

  • Calandruccio, Rocco A.;
  • Powers, John H.


Six hundred fifty-eight patients with serious injuries due to farm accident, representing one-fifth of all the admissions caused by trauma, were treated at the Mary Imogene Bassett Hospital during the years from 1929 to 1948.

Such accidents showed a definite variation in seasonal incidence with a peak during July and August for which haying, repair and construction of buildings, and children at play around farm machinery were largely responsible.

Routine chores were the most dangerous motivating activities throughout the year. Farm animals, tools and machinery contributed their share of injuries in about equal proportions. Falls were numerous.

Exactly one-half of the accidents occurred either in the barn or barnyard.

Nearly 50 per cent of the patients reached the Hospital in two hours.

Fractures comprised approximately one-third of the 1,527 recorded injuries. Extensive lacerations, division of nerves, tendons and blood vessels, and partial or complete amputation of extremities or portions thereof were common.

The average period of hospitalization was 18.3 days during the first decade of the survey and 14.1 during the second.

The mortality fell from 5.1 to 0.8 per cent.

Many farm patients were able to pay nothing for their hospitalization and professional care.


JOURNAL: Am J Surg. 1949; 78(5): 652- 660.

Note: American Journal of Surgery.

This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

We are unable to supply copies of the full report cited in this entry. Readers are advised to use the following sources:

  • Author or publisher: articles are frequently available from the author or publisher.
  • Medical or other research libraries: these facilities often have the material on hand or know where it can be obtained. If available, each journal entry includes the appropriate National Library of Medicine unique identification number to aid in interlibrary loan requests.
  • Government: some U.S. Government-sponsored research reports, including ones out-of print, are available from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder. More