A Comparative Study of Urban and Rural Tetanus in Adults

  • Gupta, P. S.;
  • Jain, B. K.;
  • Malhotra, Prabha;
  • Mamtani, Ravinder


An analysis of 240 patients, aged 15+, admitted to the tetanus ward of Irwin Hospital, New Delhi, with clinically diagnosed tetanus is reported. 134 patients (55.8%) came from rural areas and 106 (44.2%) from urban areas. The male-female ratio for both groups was approximately 2:1. Rural patients were younger, showed a longer incubation period and experienced a lower crude case fatality rate. Traditional practices like the application of cow dung to wounds, ear piercing and tattooing, and chronic ear infections were important factors in developing tetanus, demonstrating a need for health education in rural communities.


JOURNAL: Int J Epidemiol. 1978; 7(2): 185-188.

Note: International Journal of Epidemiology.

NLOM ID#: 78241277 .

Publication #: 78241277

This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

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