Eye Injuries in Agriculture

  • Aine, Esko;
  • Saari, K. M.


To study eye injuries we reviewed the case records of 662 patients with eye injuries treated at the Department of Ophthalmology, Central Hospital of Tampere between the years 1972 and 1979. Of the whole material 96 (14.5%) were agricultural workers, 74 (77%) male and 22 (23%) female, with the mean age of 43 years. The mean annual incidence of eye injuries in agriculture was 3.46 per 10, 000 people which was higher than in industry (1.9 per 10,000 people) but lower than in construction (5.28 er 10,000 people). The use of AIV solution was the most frequent cause of eye injury in farming (6/ 10) and was the most common cause of all chemical eye burns in agriculture (6/7). Cow butting with horn caused all eye injuries in dairying; 50% of these were perforating eye injuries. In lumbering, forest work or a flying piece of wood at chopping caused eye injuries in 29 cases including 19 cases with blunt ocular trauma and 8 cases with perforating eye injuries. Hammering was the most frequent cause of injury in repair work (7/16). Unilateral blindness was seen in 17 cases (17.7%). It was caused mostly by cow butting with horn (6 cases) or lumbering (5 cases). The importance of employment of protective eye screen or glasses also in agriculture is pointed out.


JOURNAL: Acta Ophthalmol Suppl (Copenh). 1984; 161: 42-51.

Note: Acta Ophthalmologica. Supplementum.

NLOM ID#: 84227211 .

Publication #: 84227211

This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

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