Mortality Among Male Farmers in Finland During 1979-1983

  • Husman, Kaj R. H.;
  • Laukkanen, Vesa J.;
  • Notkola, Veijo J.


In this study the cause-specific mortality of male farmers in Finland was compared with the mortality of all economically active men. Mortality was also examined by size of farm, by type of farm production, and by geographic area. It was shown that, compared to the mortality of all economically active men, that of the farmers was generally low. The only exception was mortality due to respiratory diseases, for which the mortality rate of the farmers was about 40-50% higher than that of all economically active men. The rate ratio, which was higher for those men with small farms, was almost independent of the cause of death. The rate ratio was highest for farmers in eastern and northern Finland. Assessed by type of farm production, the differences in mortality were small. It was supposed that the high rate ratio of respiratory deaths among farmers was, at least partly, work-related. The high mortality of the men with a small farm was shown to be associated with the higher proportion of smokers among this group of farmers.


JOURNAL: Scand J Work Environ Health. 1987; 13(2): 124-128.

Note: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health.

NLOM ID#: 87263278 .

Publication #: 87263278

This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

We are unable to supply copies of the full report cited in this entry. Readers are advised to use the following sources:

  • Author or publisher: articles are frequently available from the author or publisher.
  • Medical or other research libraries: these facilities often have the material on hand or know where it can be obtained. If available, each journal entry includes the appropriate National Library of Medicine unique identification number to aid in interlibrary loan requests.
  • Government: some U.S. Government-sponsored research reports, including ones out-of print, are available from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder. More