Implications for Agricultural Safety Education Programs as Identified by Iowa Farm Accident Survey

  • Silletto, Thomas A.


Interviewers in twenty-four counties in Iowa surveyed 3,161 farms to secure information for the study. The data were reported on questionnaires developed by the National Safety Council for use in Standardized Farm Accident Reporting Programs.

The average accident resulted in a loss of 9.68 days from normal activities. There was one accident for every 5.66 farms. About 20 percent of the accidents occurred in leisure activities. About three percent of the accidents resulted in physically handicapped victims. The total estimated loss due to accidents in Iowa in 1975 was $4,036, 989.

Fewer accidents for 0-4 and 5-14 year old youth were observed than expected and more 45-64 year old persons had accidents than expected.

Dairy and hog farms were found to make significant contributions to the overall chi-square when data for accidents by type of farms were analyzed.

Persons living on farms 51-100 acres in size had fewer accidents than expected but farm sizes 501-750 and 751 and over made significant contributions to the overall chi-square value.

The month of December was found to have less accidents than expected while there were more accidents than expected during May and August.

When an analysis of data related to frequency of accidents by exposure was completed, it was found that a significant contribution had been made toward the overall chi-square value by all classes. However, the exposure class, 0-1 hour included nearly three times more observations than were expected. It was found that legs, fingers, feet and head were most often injured.

The frequency of accidents was compared at levels of formal education, however the analysis resulted in a nonsignificant chi-square value. It was not possible to reject Hypothesis "there is no significant difference between the accident rates of persons completing safety training and the accident rates of those not completing safety training".


SOURCE: Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University; 1976. 171.


This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

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