A Survey of Accidents on Maryland Farms, 1974

  • Stewart, Larry E.


This bulletin contains the results of a farm accident survey conducted in 22 Maryland counties in 1974. The survey covered 1,231 commercial farms representing all major types of agriculture in the state.

Briefly, in Maryland during 1974:

  • One hundred seventy-five accidents reported on 1,231 farms.
  • Doctor's care was required in 95 percent of the reported accidents.
  • Forty-six percent of the victims were treated in hospital emergency rooms.
  • Twelve percent of the victims were admitted to the hospital.
  • Twenty-four percent of the accidents were classified as slight; 2.2 percent resulted in permanent injury; 3.4 percent were fatal and 70.4 percent were classified as severe.
  • Seventy-two percent of the total accidents were farm work related; 28 percent were non-work or leisure-time accidents.
  • Farm owner/operator and members of their families were involved in 78 percent of the accidents; employees in 14.8 percent; visitors and guests in 7.2 percent.
  • Accident rate for farm family members was 15.2 per 100,000 days worked; for employees was 19.6 per 100,000 man-days worked.
  • Tractors and machinery were involved in 26.2 percent of the work- related accidents; animals in 15.9 percent; hand and power tools in 10.3 percent; other vehicles in 9.5 percent.
  • An average of 13 days per accident were lost from usual activities due to the accidents reported (a total of 6.2 man-years lost on the 1, 231 farms).
  • Average medical cost per accident reported was $298.65.
  • Medical, property damage and replacement labor costs totaled $62, 793. (For Maryland projects to approximately $3-4 million.)
  • Of those people having tractor or machinery related accidents: one had one year in the 4-H tractor program; three had some vocational agricultural; and one had hazardous occupations training.


SOURCE: Maryland: Cooperative Extension Service, University of Maryland; 1977. 15.


This document was extracted from the CDC-NIOSH Epidemiology of Farm Related Injuries: Bibliography With Abstracts, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

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