entrapment kills or injures many adults and children every
year. For that reason, the Department of Agricultural and
Chemical Engineering is providing District and Area Cooperative
Extension Offices a display concerning this very subject.
Comments should help in giving a short presentation concerning
grain entrapment. The display and presentation are to be used
together. The funding for this project comes from the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
presentation is informal and works best with individuals or
small groups. Allowing for experience in giving presentations,
facts will be provided to aid the presenter. The average presentation
for this subject lasts only a couple of minutes.
grain presents potential suffocation and entrapment hazards.
on non-flowing grain will allow you to sink approximately
one foot into the grain.
flowing grain, once the surface of the grain is at knee
level, no amount of struggling will allow you to free yourself
(unless you are able to grab a solidly fixed object, such
as a side of the grain wagon).
takes only two or three seconds to be caught up to the knee
may take 10 seconds or less to be completely buried in grain.
can bridge (or crust) over. This bridge can collapse.
should never be allowed to play in grain storage equipment-Empty
should stay out of grain bins or other grain storage areas
unless absolutely necessary.
it is necessary to enter the grain storage, have a safety
rope tied onto yourself with someone on the other end. The
second person should be somebody strong enough to at least
prevent the first person from sinking further into the grain.
must be shut off if someone is entering a grain bin. This
can be accomplished with lock out-tag out or the key removed
from the tractor.
you are being pulled into flowing grain, yell for help and
try to grab a stationary object (i.e., ladder) to prevent
being sucked under the grain. If you can't grab anything
and are about to go under, cup your hands over your mouth
to prevent inhaling grain into the lungs. This might buy
you some time during the rescue procedure.
someone is buried in grain, turn off the grain flow and
try to: a) make a dam around the victim, b) dig the victim
out from the surface of the grain and c) if the victim is
buried too deeply, turn over the wagon in the opposite direction
from the victim. If trapped in a bin, cut large notches
in the bin at a level below the victim (the grain will only
smolder and can be put out easily if using a cutting torch).
For further assistance, please contact:
Extension Agricultural Engineer
Department of Agricultural and Chemical Engineering
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO 80523
Farm Safety 4 Just Kids
P.0. Box 458
130 East First
Earlham, IA 50072
(515) 758-2517 (FAX)
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.