listeners will know how farming rates among other industries
will be able to list several factors that effect farming's
high injury and fatality rate.
will be familiar with the most common items involved in
a farmer's injuries.
While the number of farmers is declining, their rate of fatalities
is not. Several years ago, three industries vied for the highest
rate of fatalities; they were farming, mining and construction.
Today, there is little competition. New regulations have been
enforced in more organized industries, and there has been a
definite decline in their fatality rates. Farming, on the other
hand, has escaped most of these regulations, leaving it with
the distinction of being the most dangerous occupation in the
country. According to the National Safety Council, in 1992 37
farmers out of every 100,000 were killed on the job compared
to a general industry average of 7 out of 100,000.
Fatality Rates on the Farm by Type of Accident, 1970-1992"
of 1993 NYS Agricultural Death Report"
relating to worker deaths. Discuss reasons
why agriculture is highest. Appropriate reasons would include
such elements as: equipment size, power, speed, condition; operator
level of training, skill, and physical, mental and emotional
condition. Working conditions and jobs to be done could be included
C. shows that nearly half of all farm deaths are tractor
related. (Even though this is only statewide, it reflects
national levels) It also shows other articles contributing
to farmers' deaths in New York state.
B. shows more specifically how the tractor related deaths
happened. Most (53%) were the result of a rollover (overturn)
with the majority of the tractors rolling sideways.
second leading cause was the tractor running over a person.
When the tractor is started from the ground, bypassing starting
safety features, this is common. Third is Power Take-off entanglement.
When guards and shields are not properly cared for and short
cuts are taken, this particularly traumatic injury often results,
commonly ending in death.
a wide variety of vehicles are used in agriculture, it is
important for an operator to familiarize himself with each
one - its capabilities and limitations - before using it.
Even owners manuals of machines operated previously but not
recently should be reviewed. Proper operation of such controls
as the clutch and brakes, gear shift, differential lock, and
shut-off should be a reflex.
on proper operation will follow in another lesson.
listeners to state reasons why farming is the most dangerous
students what type of accident is most frequently involved
in a farm death.
other common things are related to deaths on farms?
it appear that the operator has some control over the elements
that cause most farm deaths?
a number of things you think a farmer can do to protect
himself from the injuries and deaths discussed in this lesson.
a tractor operator and discuss why he does the things he
does. Is he a safe operator or an unsafe operator?
a farm accident to see what occurred just before, during,
and after the tragedy.
curriculum was developed by the New York Center for Agricultural
Medicine and Health (NYCAMH).
York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, One Atwell
Road, Cooperstown, New York 13326. Phone number: (607) 547-6023
or 1-800-343-7527 in the Northeast
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in
NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in
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