identify general potential hazards associated with the operation
of agricultural equipment.
operator safety important to you? If not, it should be. Why?
Because accidents hurt and they cost. Anyone who has been in
an accident and been badly injured knows that accidents hurt...badly.
And yes, accidents cost! They cost in lost time, medical expenses,
and necessity to hire help, property damage and the intangible
costs associated with a permanent handicap or the loss of your
health. What effect would a disability have on your lifestyle,
your family or your earning power?
limitations and capabilities can be classified into three
- These characteristics include muscle tone and strength,
your metabolism efficiency, resistance to illness and
the amount of sleep or rest your body needs. These are
alcohol and tobacco
- The effect of emotions and moods.
machine hazards - Human and machine factors are involved
in all accidents. Human error is usually due to one of the
a calculated risk
to recognize the hazard
On the other hand, machines are involved to perform
work and since power, motion and energy is involved,
there is the potential for hazards to be present that
are difficult to eliminate. Some of the most common
machine hazards include:
wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
protection - use hard hats or bump caps when around
protection - Eyes should be protected against dust and
other irritants including spray painting, grinding or
chemicals. Use safety glasses, goggles or face shields,
depending upon the situation.
protection - Sound levels as low as 85 to 90 decibels
can cause ear damage to begin and many farm machines
are louder than this. Earplugs or muffs should be worn
when you are exposed to a continuous noise level of
90 decibels or higher.
protection - Guard your hands against cuts, abrasions,
chemical and skin irritation by wearing gloves that
are appropriate for the job. Be sure to wear gloves
that fit properly.
protection - Wear safety shoes when working around machinery
or other places where your toes might be injured, as
their steel toes will help your feet be free from harm.
protection - There are several different kinds of respiratory
breathing devices and each does a specific job. Dust
filters are recommended for trapping dust, chaff and
other particles. Chemical cartridge respirators are
used to purify inhaled air and are effective against
most toxic vapors. Do not use them in silo or manure
pits where there may be a lack of oxygen. Gas masks
use a chemical filter to remove the more toxic vapors
and particles in the air but should not be used where
oxygen deficiency is a problem. The same can be said
of the self-contained breathing apparatus as both are
recommended in silos, grain bins and manure pits.
protection - Certain kinds of agriculturally related
jobs require specific clothing. Examples of this include
exposure to chemicals where rubber or plastic garments
should be used and when arc welding, make sure there
isn't any skin exposed to ultra-violet rays.
Fundamentals of Machine Operation - Agricultural Machinery
Safety, Deere & Co.
University Cooperative Extension Service, Manhattan, Kansas.
KSU Cooperative Extension Service provides practical, research-based
information and educational programs to address critical issues
facing individuals, families, farms, businesses and communities.
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