and use the safety practices that should be observed when working
with hand tools.
hand tools and common protective equipment used when working
with hand tools.
hand tools: Tin snips, hatchets, screw drivers, hammers,
pliers, anvils, wrenches, files, rasps, saws, punches, chisels,
planes, hand-held boring tools, pop rivet guns.
equipment: Safety glasses, safety shields, respirators,
safety-toed shoes, high-top shoes, hard hats, bump caps, leather
gloves, leather aprons, coveralls.
approved eye protection. Industrial-quality eye protection
should be worn at all times. Safety glasses should have
the Z87.1 logo on them to assure they are industrial quality.
proper clothing. This varies depending on the type of
hand tool you are working with. Work clothing should not
be loose, baggy, or highly flammable. To protect against
burns, wear clothing such as coveralls, high-top shoes,
leather aprons and leather gloves. Remove all paper from
pockets and wear cuffless pants. When working with heavy
metals wear hard-toed shoes with non-skid soles. Avoid wearing
synthetic clothing because it has a low flashpoints which
can result in severe burns. Do not wear jewelry. It can
get caught in moving parts.
your hair, scalp, and head. Pull back long hair in a
band or a cap to keep it from getting caught in tools. Be
extremely careful with long hair when using a drill or drill
press. When handling carpentry materials wear a hard hat
or bump cap to protect your head.
your fingers. Take special care when hammering so that
you strike the object, not your fingers.
your mind on your work. Avoid horseplay and loud talk.
Loud talking as well as pushing, running, and scuffling
while working with hand tools can cause serious accidents.
Be alert and work defensively.
work area and tools clean. Dirty, greasy, and oily tools
and floors can cause accidents. Clean and put away all unneeded
tools and materials. Clean up spills and scraps from the
floor and equipment. Keep paths to exits clear. If conditions
are dusty, use a respirator.
tools properly. Always use proper-sized tools and equipment
for the job. Use each tool only for the job for which it
was intended. Forcing a small tool to do the job of a large
one may result in injury or tool damage. Never use a screw
driver to see if electrical circuits are hot. Never use
a machinist's hammer in place of a carpenter's hammer. Do
not strike a hardened steel surface, such as an anvil, with
a steel hammer because a small piece of steel may break
off and injure someone. Be sure wrenches fit properly. Never
use pliers in place of a wrench. Never strike wrenches with
hammers. Pull on wrenches, do not push. When sawing secure
the material in the saw vise.
cutting-edge tools sharp. Dull cutting-edge tools are
dangerous as they require excessive pressure and hammering
to make them cut. When cutting always cut away from the
body. Before using any cutting tool, remove nails or other
objects that might destroy the tool's cutting edge.
and store tools properly. All sharp-edge tools and chisels
should be carried with the cutting edge down. Never carry
sharp tools in a pocket. Store all sharp-edge cutting tools
with the sharp edges down.
tools before using. Avoid using damaged tools. Tools
that appear to be damaged or have broken handles should
be marked unsafe. Do not use them until they have been repaired.
tools firmly. Hold hand tools securely so that they
do not slip and hit someone. Do not wear gloves--they are
bulky and make gripping tools difficult.
State University Cooperative Extension Service, Manhattan, Kansas.
KSU Cooperative Extension Service provides practical, research-based
information and educational programs to address critical issues
facing individuals, families, farms, businesses and communities.
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