A Summary of 15 Years in Agricultural Safety and Health, and Action Steps for Future Directions
Agricultural Safety and Health Network
Carle’s Center for Rural Health and Farm Safety
John Deere Foundation
Eastern Washington University, Center for Farm Health and Safety
The Farm Foundation
The Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health*
W.K. Kellogg Foundation
National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Conference Grant Number R13/CCR518764-01 & PO#03DSR5-0012)**
New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health
The Occupational and Environmental Education and Outreach Center, Great Lakes Centers for Environmental and Occupational Safety and Health, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health
Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
University of Illinois Extension
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Office of Continuing Education
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Agricultural Engineering
Agricultural Safety and Health Network
Technical Editor: Dave Mason, Publication Services, Inc.
Graphic Production and Placement: Dorothy Evans, Publication Services, Inc.
Public Health Review and Content: Natalie Roy, AgriSafe Network
Subvening Camarilla: Mary Barrow and Barbara and Dave Opperman, YHWH Syndic
Petrea, R.E. (Ed.). (2003). Using History and Accomplishments to Plan for the Future: A Summary of 15 Years in Agricultural Safety and Health and Action Steps for Future Directions. Urbana, IL: Agricultural Safety and Health Network.
Photo Credits: AgrAbility Unlimited: pp. 10, 29, 30, 57, 76, 77; Donna Acklin: pp. 4, 46; Bob Aherin: p. 11; Ted Funk: pp. 32, 52; Robert Hornbaker: p. 18; Ken Koelkebeck: pp. 6, 54; Steven Lacey: pp. 19, 34, 37, 38; Suzanne Mason: pp. 1, 5, 56; Chip Petrea: pp. 17, 33, 41, 48, 60.
*This publication was supported by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the University of Iowa under Grant No. 5 U50 OH07748-02. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the University of Iowa.
**This publication was supported by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention under Grant No. R13.CCR518764-01 and PO#03DSR5-0012. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The inspiration for this document arose out of general conversations among various individuals, specifically in discussions occurring at the annual meeting of the Agricultural Safety and Health Network (ASH-NET) in 1998. This discussion centered on the process and efforts a decade earlier that led to the publication of Agriculture at Risk: A Report to the Nation (Merchant et al. 1989) and the contribution that document made in increasing investments and national efforts related to the safety and health of the nation's family farms.
Discussions soon focused on the notable absence of a similar but current comprehensive document that looked at production agriculture and farmers, farmworkers, and their families. The passage of time and the changes within agriculture, and agricultural safety and health, since the publication of Agriculture at Risk called for another effort. Individuals' thoughts then turned to the possible uses to which a document relating current overall perceptions of the status of agricultural safety and health, and concrete recommendations on future research and program needs, could be put. Such a document could provide policymakers, public and private funding agencies, and the general public with a convenient and realistic summary of recent progress in, the current status of, and informed projections on issues of concern within agricultural safety and health.
With these discussions and thoughts fresh in their minds, the participants in ASH-NET undertook to serve as the coordinating body for a proposed project. This three-year project "Using History and Accomplishments to Plan for the Future: A Summary of 15 Years in Agricultural Safety and Health, and Action Steps for Future Directions" would pull together the different elements and technical expertise needed to produce a document aimed at refocusing attention on agricultural safety and health concerns.
These elements and expertise included agricultural safety and health researchers, educators, and program personnel; agriculture manufacturer and insurance association representatives; federal, state, and local government agency personnel; local medical, health, and emergency service providers; and practicing farmworkers and farmers. Although considerable research to access and better understand the views of farmers and farmworkers toward specific agricultural safety and health topics has occurred, it was equally important to access these viewpoints in real time.
I am profoundly grateful to all those whose contributions made this document a reality. Their expertise, time, energy, and forgone work opportunities all contributed to the fundamental roles they served. All of us sincerely hope that this endeavor will make a meaningful contribution in furthering the safety and health needs of the farmers, farmworkers, and their families involved in production agriculture, upon whom we are critically dependent.
Project Planning Committee
Bob Aherin, University of Illinois
Pam Elkind, Eastern Washington University
Sister Gail Grimes, Farmworker Association of Florida
Janet Ivory, New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health
Susan Jones, Western Kentucky University
Tracy Keninger, Easter Seals of Iowa
Bob McKnight, Southeast Center for Agricultural Health and Injury Prevention
Suzanne Mason, Emory University
John May, New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health
Marge Niedda, El Comité de Apoyo a los Trabajadores Agrícolas
Teresa Niedda, Farmworker Safety and Health Institute
Chip Petrea, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Kathy Pitts, Eastern Washington University
CJ Tyler-Watson, Eastern Washington University
Ad Hoc Advisory Participants
Kelley Donham, University of Iowa
Bill Field, Purdue University
Eric Hallman, National Institute for Farm Safety
David Hansen, Farm Safety 4 Just Kids
David Hard, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Barbara Lee, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisconsin
Shannon Lizer, University of Illinois Medical School–Rockford
Murray Madsen, Deere and Co., Retired
Dennis Murphy, Penn State University
Steve Olenchock, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Risto Rautiainen, University of Iowa
Susan Reynolds, Progressive Foundation
Lorann Stallones, Colorado State University
Don Villarejo, Center for Rural Studies, Retired
Using History and Accomplishments to Plan for the Future
Entities Endorsing This Project and Its Activities
Center for Farm Health and Safety, Eastern Washington Univeristy
Community Health Partnership of Illinois
Farm Safety 4 Just Kids
Farmworker Health and Safety Institute
Kentucky Partnership for Farm Family Health and Safety, Inc.
Iowa’s Center for Agricultural Safety and Health
Migrant Clinicians Network
National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety
National Institute for Farm Safety
New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health
North American Agromedicine Consortium
Penn State Agricultural Safety and Health
Work Group Process Discussion Leaders
Dave Hansen and Leslie Nickels
Teresa Niedda, Marge Niedda, and Richard Mandelbaum
CJ Tyler-Watson and Bob Aherin
Work Group Process Participants
Jeff Anderson, WA
Lori Anderson, WA
Brad Baugh, WA
Karyl Baugh, WA
Ed Bell, IN
Gary Erisman, IL
Christine Freehill, IL
Mark Freehill, IL
Jennifer Felzien, CO
Paul Gunderson, ND
Anne Harder, WA
Lex Harder, WA
Dan Littrel, NE
Tammi Littrel NE
Beth Mauer, PA
Richard Mauer, PA
Cyndy Shinn, NE
Gary Shinn, NE
Bill Stutts, LA
Tammie Stutts, LA
Helen Tyler, WA
CJ Tyler-Watson, WA
Aspacio Alcántara, NY
Carolina Almanza, FL
Ramona Alvarado, IL
Herminia Arenas, CA
Alfredo Bahena, FL
Cecilia Barros, CA
Felipe Cabrera, NC
Marta Duarte, CA
José Manuel Guzmán, NJ
Richard Mandelbaum, NJ
Alicia Marentes, TX
Carlos Marentes, TX
Tirso Moreno, FL
Oscar Munoz, IL
Marge Niedda, NJ
Teresa Niedda, NJ
Eduardo Ortega, NJ
Paula Placencia, CA
Adan Jesus Quavez, NY
Angelita Rodriquez, FL
Salvador Rodriquez, WA
Salvador Villancana, NJ
Executive Summary: Recommendations and Strategies
Highlights of Progress in Agricultural Safety and Health
Current Status of Agricultural Safety and Health in the United States
Develop a specific federal research and surveillance agenda with measurable goals and objectives to reduce agriculture-related injuries, illness, and disease.
Current funding for research and programming for special populations at risk within agriculture should be continued.
Strategies to improve the living and working environment of migrant and seasonal farmworkers should be implemented.
Model agricultural safety and health programs related to health care services, professional training, educating, and conducting applied research in community settings should be replicated and evaluated to determine their effectiveness in other agricultural communities.
A USDA should target the development of information, assessment, and assistance programs that address underserved populations in ways that are culturally sensitive to the differences among populations and base such programs on the successes learned with the National AgrAbility program.
B NIOSH should revitalize the Agricultural Health Promotion System (AHPS) funding stream. Such funding could focus on combining lessons learned from previous (AHPS) funding with new findings from successful models of community-directed interventions.
C NIOSH should target specific funding within the Centers for Agricultural Disease and Injury Research, Education, and Prevention (Ag Research Centers) to form advisory committees of farmers and farmworkers to develop protocols for using community assets to collaboratively conduct technical, anthropological, and social science research within the agricultural communities.
Enhance collaborative efforts between professionals working in agricultural safety and health and professionals working in primary health care.
Increase the capacity to provide rural emergency medical services, agricultural occupational health services, mental health care, rehabilitation services, and education to the agricultural community.
Enhance determinant research that examines how various risks and protective factors affect the health of the agricultural community.
Apply to the fullest extent current advances in engineering and application technology to reduce fatalities, injuries, illness, and disease in the agricultural community.
Investigate the safety and health impacts of the annual exemptions from federal agency enforcement of regulations applied to agriculture.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder. More