Generally, the first sign of infestation is the presence of swarming termites on the window or near indoor light. If they are found inside the house, it almost always means that they have infested. Other signs that may be found are: termite wings on window sills or in cobwebs,and shelter tubes which are tunnels constructed by the termites from soil or wood and debris.
Usually, wood damage is not found at first, but when it is found it definitely reveals a termite infestation. Any where wood touches soil is a possible entry into a home for termites. Examine wood which sounds dull or hollow when struck by a screwdriver or hammer. Inspect suspected areas with a sharp, pointed tool such as an icepick to find termite galleries or their damage.Control
Control measures include: reducing the potential infestation, preventing termite entry and applying chemicals for remedial treatment.Inspection
Inspect thoroughly to determine if there is an infestation, damage, conditions that could invite a termite attack or the need for medial control measures. The tools and equipment needed for an inspection include a flashlight, ice pick orsharp-pointed screwdriver, ladder and protective clothing.
Check the foundation of the house, garage and other buildings for shelter tubes coming from the soil. Look closely around porches, connecting patios, sidewalks, areas near kitchens or bathrooms and hard-to-see places. Check window and door frames and where utility services enter the house for termite infestation or wood decay. Also look behind shrubbery or plants near walls. Pay special attention to areas where earth and wood meet such as fences, stair carriages or trellises. Open and check any exterior electrical meter or fuse box set into the wall, a common point of infestation.
Carefully check all doors, window facings,baseboards and hardwood flooring. Discoloration or stains on walls or ceilings may mean that water is leaking and can decay wood and aid termite infestation. It is very important to inspect where plumbing or utility pipes enter the foundation or flooring. Also examine the attic for shelter tubes, water leakage, wood rotor wood damage.
Many termite problems can be prevented. The most important thing to do is deny termites access to food (wood), moisture and shelter. Follow the suggestions below.
Termite treatment often requires specialized equipment. Therefore, it is recommended that you always use the services of a pest control operator because he is familiar with construction principles and practices, has the necessary equipment and knows about subterranean termites.
contact your local county Extension office for more information
on how to select a termite control service.
Agricultural Extension Service · The Texas A&M
Adapted from TAEX publication L-1781 SubterraneanTermites for your use by Ana A. DeLuna, ExtensionAssistant in Communications. Graphic design by Rhonda R.Kappler.
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