Tractor Safety Training Guide.
Motor Vehicle Safety Training Guide.
Chipper/Shredder Safety Training Guide.
Skid Steer Safety Training Guide.
Tree Trimming Safety Training Guide.
Aerial Lift Safety Training Guide.
Mowing and Trimming Safety Training Guide.
Sources of Background Information
Chipper/Shredder Safety Manuel available for download: http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/Landscaping_Equipment_Safety.htm
Operator's manual for chipper/shredders (available from dealer)
Length of Time Needed for Training
Review and select the learning activities that are most appropriate. If all of the discussion and hands-on exercises are included in the training it may take up to a full work day. Without the hands-on exercises, the classroom portion will take about two hours.
Welcome and Introduction
Before beginning Lesson 1:
Discuss Accident Reports on page 4 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Discuss the Safety Signs on page 6 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Have participants inspect and wear any personal protective equipment that is required for their work. Discuss the importance of each item.
Try on hearing protection:
Inserting Ear Plugs
Types of Hearing Protection
As a group, answer the quiz items on page 8. Be sure to discuss each item.
Before beginning Lesson 2:
Discuss the Accident Reports on pages 9-10 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Ask participants to read information about Safe Startup and Shutdown on page 11 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual. For each numbered or bulleted point, ask participants to write in the margin if the item mainly protects them from being "caught in moving parts" or "struck by the hood." When everyone has finished have each participant read a point aloud and briefly tell what type of accident it will prevent and why. Be sure to discuss points that participants find surprising or difficult to comply with.
Discuss the Accident Reports on pages 11-12 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Have a chipper/shredder available. After completing a pre-operation inspection:
See the Daily Pre-Operation Inspection here.
Answer the quiz items on page 13 either individually or as a class. Be sure to discuss each item.
Before beginning Lesson 3:
Discuss the Accident Reports on page 15 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Ask participants to describe how a worker should safely attempt to unclog debris or make adjustments to a chipper.
Ask participants to look over items under "Safe Feeding Procedures," "Moving Parts," and "PTO Safety." Have participants circle any items that are hard for them to do on the job. Ask participants to discuss the items they circled; why are they difficult to comply with and what can be done to make them easier to follow?
Discuss the recommendation in the Did You Know? box on page 16 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Have a tractor with PTO and chipper. As a group, inspect and discuss the shields and guards. Ensure the shaft is secured. Under careful supervision, have participants practice feeding materials into the chipper/shredder.
Answer the quiz items on page 17 either individually or as a class. Be sure to discuss each item.
Discuss the Accident Reports on page 18 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Discuss the recommendation in "Prevent Injury From The Hood" on page 18 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Review the warning labels information on page 19 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Break the class into small groups. Have each group examine a chipper/shredder and locate and inspect the hood. Have each group report back to the class regarding the condition of the hood and where it might strike a worker if it flew off.
Answer the quiz items on page 20 either individually or as a class. Be sure to discuss each item.
Discuss the Accident Report on page 21 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Discuss the Heat Symptoms in the column on page 22 of the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual
Display and discuss the overhead "What Should You Do?" on page 100 of the Instructor Guide. As a group, discuss the proposed solution.
Divide the class into groups. Display the contest items provided on pages 101-105 of the Instructor Guide. In turn, ask each group a multiple choice or true/false question from the overheads. Each group gets one point for every correct answer. If a group misses a question, allow the next group to answer it for a point. Keep track of points and recognize the winning group. Use the questions as opportunities to discuss the training material. Answer key provided on page 106.
Using your company's first aid kits, demonstrate and have participants practice first aid for common injuries such as cuts and burns.
Answer the quiz items on page 27 either individually or as a class. Be sure to discuss each item.
Ask participants to share any questions or concerns they may still have or want to discuss further.
Break the class into small groups of three to five participants. Provide each group with one of the scenarios from pages 107-109 of the Instructor Guide. Ask each group to answer the question in their scenario, using the information in the Chipper/Shredder Safety Manual. If there are more than three groups, have more than one group work on the same scenario. Monitor the progress of the groups. Bring the class back together and ask for a representative from each group to read their problem and explain their solution. Ask other groups what they think of the proposed solution.
Answer the quiz questions on page 29 individually or as a group. Be sure to discuss each item.
Hands-on Performance Evaluation
In a safe area with adequate supervision, have each participant complete a hands-on performance evaluation while operating a chipper/shredder. The evaluation may include completing:
A checklist for the performance evaluation is provided on page 97 of the Instructor Guide.
What's Wrong With This Picture? (Chipper/Shredder Safety Lesson 2)
(Roll over image with mouse to see answers.)
What Should You Do? (Chipper/Shredder Safety Lesson 5)
You and a coworker are operating a chipper on a hot summer afternoon, when your coworker complains of a headache. He is very sweaty and barely has the energy to feed material in the chipper. What should you do?
Contest (Chipper/Shredder Safety Lesson 5)
Answer Key (Chipper/Shredder Safety Lesson 5)
Case Study # 1 (Chipper/Shredder Safety Conclusion)
You are in charge of a work crew that will be working in a sparsely populated area 20 miles from the nearest town. You will be traveling to this area each day for about 2 weeks. Your crew will be using a PTO-powered chipper/shredder to grind branches as they are being trimmed away from power lines. What safety issues should you consider?
Case Study # 2 (Chipper/Shredder Safety Conclusion)
You have to operate a chipper near a busy roadway. What issues should you consider and how can you protect yourself, coworkers and motorists?
Case Study # 3 (Chipper/Shredder Safety Conclusion)
You will be operating a chipper in a popular public park. What issues should you consider and what precautions should you take?
Publication #: MF2716
This material was produced under grant number 46G3-HT04 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. government.
This booklet was produced by K-State Research and Extension, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
The information in this publication has been compiled from a variety of sources believed to be reliable and to represent the best current opinion on the subject. However, neither K-State Research and Extension nor its authors guarantee accuracy or completeness of any information contained in this publication, and neither K-State Research and Extension or its authors shall be responsible for any errors, omissions, or damages arising out of the use of this information. Additional safety measures may be required under particular circumstances.
Brand names appearing in this publication are for product identification purposes only. No endorsement is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar products not mentioned.
Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder. More